Potential and Implications of Disputes Over the Authority of the National Human Rights Commission and the Indonesian National Police
National Human Rights Commission is positioned as an independent state institution at the same level as other state institutions which in carrying out its functions and authorities stand on a par with other state institutions whose authority is granted by law. Although vertically it has an equal position with other state institutions, in carrying out its functions, duties, and authorities, this commission must report to the President and the DPR. Article 18 Paragraph (1) Law Number 26 of 2000 concerning the Human Rights Court states that investigations into gross human rights violations are carried out by the National Human Rights Commission. In carrying out its duties, National Human Rights Commission has the authority to receive reports or complaints from a person or group of people regarding the occurrence of serious human rights violations. Police in Article 2 Law Number 2 of 2002 which is the function of the state government in the field of maintaining security and public order, law enforcement, protection, shelter, and service to the community. If a criminal case occurs later the handling of the case is carried out by the police with the authority of investigation by the Police because it is considered an ordinary crime, but at the same time the case is also investigated by the National Human Rights Commission as a crime against humanity which is part of the National Human Rights Commission. human rights violations. Therefore, related to this condition, a struggle for authority may occur due to differences in the interpretation of the crime which then causes the National Police and National Human Rights Commission to declare authority to each other. The authority dispute between the National Police and National Human Rights Commission then could not be resolved within the executive government because National Human Rights Commission is not a state institution under the President, nor can it be resolved through the Constitutional Court as referred to in Article 24C paragraph (1) of the 1945 Constitution because the object of authority disputed by the two state institutions is powers granted by law.
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