International Journal of Social Science Research and Review <p align="justify"><strong>International Journal of Social Science Research and Review (IJSSRR)&nbsp;ISSN 2700-2497</strong> is an international, open-access journal with double-blind peer-reviewed, which covers all social science disciplines and academic scholarship with a view to sharing information and debate with the widest possible audience.</p> <p>The main areas relevant to the scope of the journal are social science studies and also the journal focuses on the following topics:</p> <ul> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Politics</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Management and&nbsp;Business Studies</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Law</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Linguistics</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Educational Research</strong>&nbsp;</li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;History</strong></li> </ul> <p align="justify">The IJSSRR is generally considered to be the top academic journal. The journal may target scientists, researchers, professors and students from social sciences and humanities research to publish articles that contribute significantly to the body of knowledge. Each issue also contains a large and valuable book review section. Therefore, the journal is published in both print and online versions. IJSSRR&nbsp;accepts submission of mainly four types: Original Articles, Short Communications, Reviews, and Proposals for special issues.</p> <p>The&nbsp;IJSSRR&nbsp;is published bimonthly and the online version is free access and download.</p> <ul> <li class="show">Open Access</li> <li class="show">High visibility</li> <li class="show">Retaining the copyright to your article</li> </ul> Global Institute for Multidisciplinary Knowledge and Responsible Future, University of Duisburg-Essen en-US International Journal of Social Science Research and Review 2700-2497 <p>Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (<br><a href="" target="_blank" rel="license noopener"><img src="//" alt="Creative Commons License"></a> <br><br></p> Legal Protection for Apartment Owners Whose Units Are Demolished Due to Uninhabitable Conditions <p style="text-align: justify;">The existence of apartments still has many problems in the field. This is due to the community's need for knowledge about the laws and regulations for flats that make it possible for developers who do not have good intentions to exploit them; The purpose of this study is to analyze the legal protection for flat owners whose units are demolished due to uninhabitable conditions. The research method used in this study is the focus of normative research. The results of this study indicate that the forms of legal protection for owners of flats that are destroyed because they are unfit for habitation include: Compensation (building owners receive compensation by statutory provisions), invitations if the building is demolished by the Central Government, not because of the fault of the building owner, Dissemination of Demolition, Free Temporary Housing, Reclamation of Land and Building Rights, and the Owner Has the Right to Approve Changes in Function and Utilization of Flats Development Plans</p> Erwin Indomara Arif Darmawan Hufron Hufron ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-02 2023-05-02 6 5 1 15 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1114 Use of Belitung Regency Government Museum as a Source of Learning History at Tanjungpandan 3 State Vocational School, Belitung District <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to find out: (1) What collections are stored in the Belitung Regency Government Museum; (2) The relevance of the collection stored in the Belitung Regency Government Museum with historical subject matter; (3) Utilization of museums and their collections as sources and media for learning history; (4) Obstacles faced in the use of the Belitung Regency Government Museum. This research is a descriptive qualitative research. This research was conducted at the Belitung Regency Government Museum and SMK Negeri 3 Tanjungpandan. Data collection techniques were through observation, interviews with school principals, curricula deputy heads, teachers, students, heads of museums, museum employees, and collection of relevant documents. The selection of the sample is determined by <em>snowball sampling </em>. The data analysis technique used is the Miles and Huberman model in the following order: data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and conclusions. The results of the study show that: (1) The Government Museum of Belitung Regency has selected collections which are divided into collections of geology, biology, ethnography, foreign ceramics, numismatics, and heraldic collections as well as historical relics. Each collection is stored in 7 exhibition rooms in the Belitung Regency Government Museum . The collections of the Belitung Regency Government Museum that have relevance to history subject matter are found in collections related to the material scope of the spice route in Indonesia and the Islamic kingdoms in Indonesia which are maritime and agrarian: (2) In accordance with Learning Outcomes (CP), teachers in Utilizing the Belitung Regency Government Museum as a source and learning media is through <em>field trips </em>. The teacher utilizes the Belitung Regency Government Museum as a source and media for learning history within the scope of material on the spice route in Indonesia and the Islamic kingdoms in Indonesia which have a maritime and agricultural pattern and their legacies. Learning planning begins by looking at the suitability of the material in the Learning Objectives Flow (ATP), determining methods, creating Teaching Modules, compiling materials, giving introductory materials using media, bringing students to museums, giving assignments, and evaluating.</p> Widi Wantoro Miftahuddin Miftahuddin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-02 2023-05-02 6 5 16 24 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1142 The Majority Is Always in the Wrong <p style="text-align: justify;">(A) The title of this article is taken from the Note Book of Mark Twain (1835-1910), an American writer. There are actually many well known philosophers, academicians, and politicians in the western world, who also have said very similar statements, and we will mention some of them in this article. Our objective in this article is to find out how these various intellectuals arrive at this similar conclusion. Therefore this is a multidisciplinary research and review paper. It tries to minimize discussions on truths, also mathematics will be avoided to reach a broader community, and it presents mostly about the falsehoods as the title suggests.&nbsp;&nbsp;(B) Our approach has two major principles. First one is that if there are assumptions behind any subject and those assumptions have not been verified then that subject must be wrong. All the results of that subject are nothing but only assumptions. The second one is that no engineering experiment can verify any results. This is so because any engineering experiment will automatically reject all assumptions, as engineering is nothing but nature only. Thus even if the results of the experiments match the results of the theories they still cannot be trusted, because the theories are invalid without their assumptions. (C) Destiny law says that the universe is periodic. Our history shows that there are many small and large periodic time cycles of events on earth. Yuga theory is one of the larger periodic laws. There are four Yugas: Sattya, Treta, Dwapar, and Kali. In the western world these are known as Gold, Silver, Bronze, and Iron ages respectively. Sattya Yuga is the longest: 1,728,000 years and starts with 100% truth. Kali Yuga is the shortest: 432,000 years and starts with only 25% truth. We are in the Kali Yuga now, and it started about 10-30 thousand years back. That is the modern estimate of the end of the Mahabharat war. After Kali, Sattya will start again, says Mahabharat, with 100% truth and the four-Yuga cycle will begin. Thus at one time our earth had all the truths that we can think of, but now they are going down. UFO-ETs are probably from the planets which are now in their Sattya Yuga or at least not in their Kali Yuga. The Yuga theory is described both in the Vedas and in the Bible. (D) There may be many other reasons, that these philosophers knew, which helped them to create such wisdom for us to consider, evaluate, and learn. In this article we will try to identify such philosophies to defend the title message. Who or what is responsible, for this dismal state of the earth? The fact is nobody, not even the destiny, is responsible. Universe is deterministic. Moment by moment everything is precisely planned and predictable. Therefore God does not have any role in the universe and in our lives. God cannot be predictable by humans. Birth-death-wait- and then reincarnate is the only law of nature for everything, from micro to the universe. The death means deterioration of everything. This is how the universe is designed, and this periodicity is going on for eternity. A careful observation of a single individual human life will convince you about this universal phenomenon.</p> Subhendu Das ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-02 2023-05-02 6 5 25 55 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1125 Establishment of The Principles of Good Corporate Governance (GCG) Accountability Towards State Owned Enterprises in Indonesia <p>State-Owned Enterprises are business entities whose capital is wholly or substantially owned by the state through direct participation originating from separated state assets. State-Owned Enterprises have an important role in the implementation of the national economy in order to achieve social welfare. Facts on the ground that BUMN are often a source of corruption so that the principle of accountability is not reflected in the management of BUMN. The problems that occur are related to the clarity of organ functions and organ responsibilities in managing the company. The application of the principle of accountability in BUMN must be in line with the principles of Good Corporate Governance (GCG).</p> Hervian Rum Sudarsono Sudarsono Abdul Rachmad Budiono Bambang Winarno ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-02 2023-05-02 6 5 56 66 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1143 Differential Education–Based Methodology for Improving General Competence of Future Specialists <p style="text-align: justify;">The methods of forming the general professional competence of future specialists based on differentiated education are shown in this scientific research work, as are the methods of using a differential approach in the formation of general professional competence of students, the model of forming the general professional competence of students in the process of differential education has been developed and scientifically based, and the criteria, indicators, and levels of students’ general professional competence have been developed and scientifically based.</p> Aldegonda Evangeline Pelealu Darmawan Edi Winoto ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-02 2023-05-02 6 5 67 76 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1243 Public Service Transformation at Karimun District Police <p style="text-align: justify;">The National Police's image has been negatively impacted by the behavior of some police officers who fail to follow the applicable procedures, which has resulted in a loss of public trust. As a competent state apparatus, the National Police is responsible for maintaining security and order, enforcing the law, and providing protection and services for the public interest. To meet the expectations of the community, the National Police has implemented strategic initiatives to revive its image, including providing excellent service and increasing public trust. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the transformation of public services at the Karimun District Police as part of the National Police's initiative to increase public trust and improve its image. This study employs a descriptive research method with a qualitative approach to examine the transformation of public services at the Karimun Police. The study's findings demonstrate that the extensive transformation of Polri services at the Karimun Police has been effective, with all stages of the revitalization of the National Police being completed comprehensively in accordance with the stated objectives.</p> Petra Tumengkol Basir S Yopik Gani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-02 2023-05-02 6 5 77 88 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1244 ROADPOL Pan-European Cross Border Operations <p style="text-align: justify;">ROADPOL European Roads Policing Network was (re)established in 2020 in order to improve road safety and law enforcement on European roads. The network is committed to reducing deaths, serious injury and traffic/road crimes. The most important operational activity is to esecute Pan-European Cross Border Operations. PECBOs are a new instrument for road safety, able to develop an effective road policing strategy, with a framework vision focused on road crashes reduction. PECBOs constitute a significant effort for road safety and first results show that the joint efforts from participating countries produce an increase of road safety indexes. evidences recommends continuing to organize PECBOs in the future, involving all road safety Authorities, intenational agencies and stakeholders, also adopting the "mutual trust holistic approach" and evaluating the possible outcoming best practices.</p> Paolo Cestra Nicole Miriam Scala Eugenio Zaniboni ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-02 2023-05-02 6 5 89 114 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1127 The Concept, Nature and Content of Diplomatic Activity, Diplomatic Service and Diplomatic Law in the Modern Period <p style="text-align: justify;">This article examines the essence of the concepts of diplomatic service and diplomatic law, the legal status, rights, privileges and obligations of diplomatic missions and their employees. Also, the international and national legal bases of diplomatic activity are analyzed and proposals are made for improving the legislation.</p> Malikakhon Ulugbekovna Tursunova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-03 2023-05-03 6 5 115 121 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1246 A Critical Discourse Analysis of the linguistic experiences of the transgender in Lahore, Pakistan <p style="font-weight: 400;">Each gender has its own importance, place, respect, ideologies, and the way of living and being represented in the world. The present research is aimed to unveil the linguistic experiences towards the transgender of Lahore. This article will analyse the lexicon used to summon and converse with the transgender individuals by the males and female. This research assumes a qualitative approach; collection of data was done by interviewing and recording the responses of five transgender in Lahore. The framework of this research includes the Speech-Act Theory of Austin and Searle and The Social Structural Theories by Lips; together they provide a groundwork for power relations and socio cultural forces involved. The findings reveal the use of negative connotative words encountered by the transgender and the effect they had on their emotional and mental wellbeing. Pronouns and lexical items like ‘she-male’, ‘khawaja sira’, ‘hijra’ and ‘khusra’ are debasing and dehumanizing towards the respected gender because according to our five research participants, the transgender community does not want to be classified into these words.</p> Hafsa Ahsan Zainab Najam Minhas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-03 2023-05-03 6 5 122 140 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1138 The Profitability, Leverage, and Sales Growth on tax Avoidance through Company Size as Moderating Variable on Manufacturing Companies in Sector of Consumer Goods Listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange 2019-2021 <p style="text-align: justify;">The research objective was to analyze the impact of profitability, leverage, and sales growth on tax avoidance through company size as moderating variable on manufacturing companies in sector of consumer goods listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange 2019-2021. There were 69 companies in the study's population, and the purposive selection approach was used to pick a sample of 38 of those companies. The research is using purposive sampling method for the sample selection. It’s used external data that gained from’s website. Path analysis and multiple linear regression are the data analysis techniques used in this study. The research is using PLS Algorithm for analysis process. The results showed that Profitability and Leverage had an positive relationship effect to Tax Avoidance, but Sales Growth had no effect on Tax Avoidance, Company Size wasn’t able to moderate the effect of Profitability, Leverage, and Sales Growth on Tax Avoidance.</p> Georgina Cynthia Monica Rasinta Ria Ginting Enda Noviyanti Simorangkir ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-03 2023-05-03 6 5 141 150 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1247 Relevance between Ecological Justice and Human Rights <p style="text-align: justify;">This research aims to analyze how the relevance between ecological justice and human rights. This research is a normative legal research using statute approach and conceptual approach. Research results show that the environment is one of the aspects that affect the survival and welfare of humans. However, at the practical level, protection of the right to the environment is often misunderstood by parties who only exercise their rights to exploit the environment, without considering the protection of the environment itself, so that there is a dichotomy between human rights and environmental rights. In fact, in essence both rights are united. The relevance between human rights and ecological justice can be seen from the right to the environment which is an instrument in human rights, namely that one form of human rights is the right to a good and healthy environment, and this right to the environment will be fulfilled if ecological justice is realized.</p> Ainun Jiwanti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-03 2023-05-03 6 5 151 158 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1248 The Working Skills of the Editor on the Author’s Manuscript <p style="text-align: justify;">Every editor working in the print media must have the skills to work with the author’s manuscript and develop editing skills. The reason is that, the manuscript, and the text in general, is considered the main object of the editor’s activity. In this article, the concept of text is defined, its role in the field of journalism, in particular, in the work of the editor, the editor’s methods of working with the journalistic text, and the aspects that should be paid attention to in the editing are focused on.</p> Vazira Khusan kizi Abdyujanova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-03 2023-05-03 6 5 159 164 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1249 The Influence of Love of Money and Machiavellians on Tax Evasion with Religiosity as Moderating Variable <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to examine the Effect of Love of Money and Machiavellian on Tax Evasion with Religiosity as Moderation (Case Study on Individual Taxpayers at KPP Madya Batam). The population used in this study were all Individual Taxpayers registered at the Batam KPP Madya. This study used convenience sampling, which is a sampling technique that was selected according to the available population and easily accessible by researchers. This study uses data analysis using the Partial Least Square (PLS) approach. PLS is a Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) model based on variance and components. The results of the analysis show that the Love of Money has an effect on Tax Evasion (Case Study on Individual Taxpayers at KPP Madya Batam). Machiavellian hasn’t an effect on Tax Evasion (Case Study on Individual Taxpayers at Batam Madya KPP). Religiosity is not able to moderate the effect of Love of Money on Tax Evasion (Case Study on Individual Taxpayers at KPP Madya Batam). Religiosity is not able to moderate the Machiavellian influence on Tax Evasion (Case Study on Individual Taxpayers at KPP Madya Batam).</p> Melvina Melvina Nagian Toni Enda Noviyanti Simorangkir Aremi Evanta br.Tarigan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-03 2023-05-03 6 5 165 178 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1250 The Characteristics of Instagram Influencers and The Effectiveness in Kuwait: A Qualitative Case Study <p>This research is mainly conducted to better understand the effectiveness of marketing campaigns related to influencers' characteristics. The research adopted qualitative case study method. The studied case was a pharmaceutical company operating in Kuwait and sells several cosmetics brands. Two brands and fifteen different influencers were studied. The results showed that among gender, marital status, educational level, number of followers, and average number of comments, the significant influencing factors are educational level and number of followers. Therefore, within the studied company, an influencer with a lower level of education is more effective. Despite the determining criteria for choosing influencers being their number of followers, an influencer with a smaller number of followers is more effective. These results open the door for several recommended future work.</p> Basel Dwiri Hiba Baroudi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-03 2023-05-03 6 5 179 193 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1144 The Influence of KAP Size, Audit Fee and Audit Tenure on Audit Quality through Audit Rotation as an Intervening Variable <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to examine and analyze audit quality in industrial industrial sector manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. The variables tested include KAP Size, Audit Fee, Audit Tenure and Audit Rotation as intervening variables. This research involves manufacturing companies in various industrial sectors that are listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange during the 2017-2021 period. The sample selection was carried out using purposive sampling method. The data used is external data, obtained through The data analysis process was carried out by calculating the PLS Algorithm using SmartPLS and then testing the hypothesis. The results of the study show that Audit Fees, Audit Tenure have an effect on Audit Quality, KAP Size and Audit Fees have an effect on Audit Rotation. KAP size has no effect on audit quality. Audit Tenure has no effect on Audit Rotation. Audit Rotation has no effect on Audit Quality. Audit Rotation is not able to mediate the effect of KAP Size, Audit Fee and Audit Tenure on Audit Quality.</p> Susilawati Susilawati Nagian Toni Sauh Hwee Teng Galumbang Hutagalung ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 194 206 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1253 Fundamentals of Scientific Biography of Mutrib Khanakharab <p style="text-align: justify;">In this article, the life and works of Muhammad Hasan Mutrib Haji Tabib (1853–1923), a poet of the Khorezm literary environment, are analyzed using scientific and comparative methods. The devan manuscripts of Mutrib kept in the fund of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan with inventory numbers 903/IV, 906/VII, 2679/II, Laffasiy’s tazkira manuscript number 12561, and Matnazar Pirnazarov’s “Mutrib Khanakharabi (Risola–majmua)”, the creative heritage of Bolta Davlatov in the newspaper “Xorazm haqiqati” (issue of July 20, 1991), “Guliston jurnali” (issue 7 of 1974), Polvonnazir Bobojonov (Laffasiy, Tazkirayi Shuaro, 1992) and other publications. The poet’s extensive literary legacy, which includes manuscript and lithographic sources, press publications, anthologies, and chrestomathies, demonstrates the need for comparative research and scientific classification of his life and work. In their study, they discuss the poet’s personality and outlook, his life, and the literary–aesthetic factors that influenced his decision to adopt a pen name. As a consequence of the comparative analysis, the preparation of excellent editions of the Mutrib devan was identified as one of the most pressing tasks of textual studies.</p> Sokhiba Makhmudovna Madirimova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 207 214 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1254 Evaluation of the Minimum Wage Policy (UMP) of DKI Jakarta Province in 2022 <p style="text-align: justify;">The implementation of a minimum wage policy has the potential to alleviate wage inequality in various regions by increasing the wages of low-income workers and promoting more equitable income distribution. However, setting the minimum wage requires careful consideration to avoid setting it too low, which would result in workers struggling to meet basic living standards, or too high, which could lead to job loss. In 2021, a wage problem emerged in the DKI Jakarta Province when the proposed increase in the UMP for 2022 was only 0.85%, which was lower than the inflation rate of 1.14%. This discrepancy runs counter to the wage theory, which suggests that wages should increase alongside living standards. Consequently, the Governor of DKI Jakarta Province revised the UMP policy for 2022. This study aims to evaluate the determination of the 2022 DKI Jakarta Provincial UMP policy. The method used in this research is qualitative. The findings reveal that the revision of the UMP policy in 2022 created uncertainty, as an entrepreneur filed a lawsuit that is still pending, even though the UMP for 2023 has been decided. Therefore, this research underscores the importance of a well-formulated policy to ensure that the minimum wage policy achieves its intended goals.</p> Eva Ina Wales Muh. Azis Muslim ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 215 223 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1255 The Discourse of Orientalism and Narrative Gaming <p>Although the process of modernization and democratization has been effectively promoted in Middle Eastern countries, especially in nations like Turkey and Qatar. However, orientalist discourse still profoundly influences the narrative of Western media and the construction of the image of Middle Eastern countries to this day. Based on the concept of Orientalism of Edward Said, this paper attempts to briefly sort out the media coverage of the FIFA World Cup 2022 by research methods of qualitative analysis as the main, quantitative analysis as the auxiliary. Then, this article tries to summarize the main differences and game playing between the Eastern and Western media in the narrative of the event, as well as how the orientalist discourse in the western media plays an important role. The most innovative point of this study is to analyze modern Western media discourse based on Edward Said's orientalism. The results show that the Middle Eastern countries represented by Qatar try to improve the entire world's perception of Eastern countries by establishing educational institutions, media centers and other ways. Especially with the hosting of the World Cup as a typical example, Qatar is trying to challenge existing Western stereotypes. However, the Western media is still opinionated. The logic approach and discourse paradigm of orientalism are yet deeply rooted in the West.</p> Xing Li Dahao Li Yiran Zhao ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-07 2023-05-07 6 5 224 232 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1115 Mapping Literature the Measurement Performance on Indonesian SMEs Based on Systematic Literature Review <p style="text-align: justify;">Since the development of the theory of performance measurement (PM), Indonesian academics and practitioners have focused on performance measurement using the Balanced Scorecard method. Even so, it is widely known that the implementation of the Balanced Scorecard has problems with goal incompatibility. Therefore, based on the discussion on the state of the art of PM, this article aims to provide guidelines for a possible new performance measurement system for micro, small and medium enterprises in Indonesia. Mapping the development of the MSME performance measurement literature in Indonesia is tracked and analyzed in depth. The findings of this study indicate that the development of MSME performance measurement theory in Indonesia is still stagnant in its application. Development of performance measurement literature by analyzing previous research and presenting topics that can be the focus of future studies to overcome the challenges of performance measurement in SMEs in Indonesia.</p> Ismayantika Dyah Puspasari Diah Ayu Septi Fauji Subagyo Subagyo Elita Milenia ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-07 2023-05-07 6 5 233 241 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1121 MSME Internationalization? A Phenomenological Perspective from Coffee SME Actors <p>This study aims to capture the concept of internationalization from the perspective of UKM actors, and the meaning of internationalization for coffee SME actors. This study uses a transcendental phenomenological method intensively to reveal the meaning of internationalization from the perspective of SMEs. The results of the study found that the meaning of internationalization of SMEs is not only limited to showing off, internationalization also means financial readiness. Therefore, there are many things that SMEs need to consider and prepare before entering the international market. Research on disclosing the meaning of internationalization from the perspective of SMEs has not been widely carried out, hat the results of this study are expected to provide practical implications for related parties to develop strategies in education about internationalization for SMEs.</p> Diah Ayu Septi Fauji Imam Mukhlis F. Danardana Murwani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-07 2023-05-07 6 5 242 247 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1120 Prevalence of Anaemia and Iron and Folic Acid Intake among Beneficiaries of Janani Suraksha Yojana and Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram in Punjab <p style="font-weight: 400; text-align: justify;">Anaemia is a public health concern widely prevalent in developing countries. It is associated with poor maternal and infant health outcomes and an increased risk of maternal and infant mortality. The objective of this paper is to examine the prevalence of anaemia among the beneficiaries of Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) and Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK) and the provision to and intake of Iron and Folic Acid (IFA) by these women. It also aims to explore various reasons given by the beneficiaries for low intake of IFA despite availability. This study was conducted in two districts of Punjab (Fatehgarh Sahib and Ferozepur) selected based on their performance on various indicators of reproductive health in the two consecutive surveys of District Level Household and Facility Survey i.e., DLHS-3 and DLHS-4. Multistage and stratified sampling was used to select the Community Health Centres (CHCs) and Primary Health Centres (PHCs). Data were collected from women beneficiaries of the two Schemes using Interview Schedules. Data entries from Mother and Child Protection Cards were also noted. The study highlighted high prevalence of anaemia among the beneficiaries of JSY and JSSK. Despite successful provision of IFA to these women, level of intake was low showing low compliance due to several reasons including lack of awareness, the biology of women (physiological), socio-cultural factors such as child marriage and gender discrimination and lack of recommendation by the health care providers.</p> Gagandeep Kaur ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-07 2023-05-07 6 5 248 256 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.996 A.S. Pushkin’s Poem “Prophet” in the Space of Intercultural Communication <p style="text-align: justify;">The article analyzes the Quranic motifs in the works of A.S. Pushkin on the material of the poem “Prophet” in the context of the axiological components of the interaction of cultures. Being the quintessence of eternal spiritual values, the texts of Holy Scripture and true poetry carry a special energy potential, embody universal ideals and are a universal cipher of value coordinates in the intercultural dialogue of civilizations. Pushkin in the “Prophet” formulates his principle and meaning, which he will adhere to throughout his life. In his poem, the poet says that he is a modern–day prophet of God; who should carry the holy truth to people who are unable to know it on their own.</p> Petruxina N.M. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 257 261 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1267 Possibilities of Using Methods and Digital Technologies of Data Analysis in Entrepreneurial Marketing Research in the Conditions of Uzbekistan: A Conceptual Framework <p style="text-align: justify;">It is proposed that the current trends and developments in the data analysis technologies and methods relevant to entrepreneurial marketing research call for a new theoretical concept-based approach to inform and guide both academic and industrial entrepreneurs, especially in the case of Uzbekistan as a fast-developing country. Therefore, on the foundations of resource-advantage theory’s notion of using methods and digital technologies of data analysis in entrepreneurial marketing research, we aim to clarify usage possibilities and the country conditions in general and data analysis technologies and methodology in particular for entrepreneurial communities.&nbsp; Specifically, we (i) integrate literature from the marketing, entrepreneurship, and &nbsp;information technologies disciplines to develop conceptualizations of data analysis and marketing research enabled entrepreneurship (ii) develop an integrative framework of marketing research-enabled entrepreneurship possibilities using data analysis technologies and methods in the case of Uzbekistan, based on ATLAS.ti<sup>@</sup> tool and empirical insights from 10 interviews with a) 12 senior entrepreneurial marketing managers representing methods and technologies in various industries, ranging from industrial entrepreneurs to academic ones, and b) a survey by 8 experts from entrepreneurial marketing research agencies who advise different technologies and methods on how to apply data analysis in entrepreneurial marketing research in the conditions of Uzbekistan. In turn, we explain how the conceptual framework of this research in general, and certain methods and technologies of using data analysis in entrepreneurial marketing research in particular, can help entrepreneurial firms develop in the conditions of Uzbekistan. Finally, we conclude with a discussion of the present research contributions, managerial implications and offers future research agenda with exemplar research questions.</p> Sharapova Nafosat Radjabovna ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-09 2023-05-09 6 5 262 270 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1137 Analyses of a Decade of Research Gap in Data Management Practices in Academic Libraries: A Social Science Perspectives <p style="text-align: justify;">Recent studies considered research data management practices and serviced an emerging and innovative area for improving academic and research library services. The changing needs of academic library users require services such as research data management, data sharing, data stewardship, linked data technology, big data, knowledge of data management and policies to be included in the library and information science curriculum, and professional training for effective service delivery in academic libraries in the developing countries specifically in Africa. Despite the value and benefits of RDM services for researchers and patrons of academic libraries in developing countries, RDM services could have been better implemented for use among researchers in academic libraries in Africa and sub-regions. However, the idea met RDM practices in academic libraries met with the complex information needs of various users, becoming more personalised and detailed. This study aimed to identify the research gap in studies investigating the research data management practices in academic libraries from a social science perspective to inform the best method of meeting clients’ information needs in the 21st century. The study sought to answer the questions such as: What is the role of data librarians in research data management service providers in addressing the changing information needs of users of academic libraries? What strategies were used to provide efficient research data management practices to inform the changing needs of users of academic libraries in the previous decade? What are the current practices and training requirements to ensure efficient Research data management provision in academic libraries within the last decade? Library and Information Science Source and Scopus databases were searched for articles published between 2013 and 2022. &nbsp;Within the last decade, articles focusing on the role of data librarians in research data management and information services provided to address the changing information needs of users of academic libraries are limited in the databases. The few available articles addressing the changing needs of researchers were published between 2017 and 2021. Current practices in RDM services focus on data literacy, evaluating data quality and citations, data curation, data sharing and preservations. Strategies for adequate information provision and RDM services and practices to inform the changing needs of users of academic libraries include awareness of the benefits of RDM and bibliographic control services, emphasis on collaboration and support, digital technology management and training, engaging and aligning with international LIS institutions for better training in data management and curation skills acquisition in response to the changing needs of clients. Understanding the complexities involved in the use of data and the role of data librarians is crucial to effective data management services provided for users of academic and research libraries. Current practices involve acquiring data management skills, given that it is essential in helping data librarians address the changing needs of library clients. Strategies for best practices in research data management practices in academic libraries in Africa include awareness of the benefits of RDM, data literacy and skill acquisition, adoption of digital technologies, and practical communication skills to stay relevant in this increasingly digital world.</p> Ibinaiye Irewole Dorcas Jiyane, V. Glenrose Jennifer W. Ibinaiye Rukayat Tijani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-09 2023-05-09 6 5 271 289 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1108 The Poetics of A. Kim’s Prose Genre in the 1990s <p style="text-align: justify;">The work of Anatoly Kim, one of the most talented and mysterious Russian writers, occupies a special place in the modern literary process. A. Kim is distinguished by the ability to intuitively understand and predict the most relevant trends in literary development. These include the process of genre modifications, which in the writer’s work is manifested mainly in the appeal to the original artistic forms (myth, parable, fairy tale) and the use of techniques of other art forms (intermedia poetics).</p> Mukhamedova F.B. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 290 295 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1268 Militarization and State Terrorism: A Critical Study of Nigerian Military Security Approach <p style="text-align: justify;">The renaissance of state terrorism ascribing to the advent of Critical Terrorism Studies (CTS) is a cognizable motivation to study the outcome of military security approach of African democratic states. Nigeria, as one of the liberal democratic states in Africa has prioritized military solutions to internal insecurities over other alternative soft approaches attesting to its high level of militarization. The basic tenet of state terrorism connotes the fact that terrorist attacks perpetrated by non-state actors are not in anyways different from that of terrorist killings orchestrated by state security forces, an argument that is abutment to the legality of holding some liberal democratic governments accountable for their terrorist crimes. The sanctity afforded to state as a possible perpetrator of terrorism has allowed many African governments through their militarized security approaches to violate human rights of their citizens under the umbrella of combating terrorists, insurgents and suppressing uprisings in their countries. This research paper methodologically employs relevant secondary sources of data to inculpate various human rights violations and civilian casualties that perpetually accompany the involvement of military or paramilitary forces in internal security of Nigeria as a depiction of state terrorism expounded by CTS. Cases of civilian casualties during military operations to combat terrorism, Niger Delta militants and clampdown of ENDSARS protests are examined to demystify the qualifiedness of the Nigerian state terrorism.</p> Opeoluwa Adisa Oluyemi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 296 307 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1271 Juridical Implications of Land Certification in the Framework of Legal Protection of Community Land Ownership <p style="text-align: justify;">In the Indonesian context, reconstruction of the legal politics for the land certification system has as its main goal the achievement of welfare (welfare of the state) for all people based on the principle of legal certainty and guaranteed protection (legal protection) for ownership of the land used by the people. The Act of Law Number 5 of 1960 emphasizes a land registration system that must have national land certification based on the Preamble of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia, IV Paragraph, and Article 33 Paragraph (3) of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. The legal substance of land registration adheres to the open publication system, but it still needs to be formed in order to provide more certainty, benefit, and fairness as part of the renewal of the national legal system by looking at the structure of law, law (the substance of the law), and legal culture. Preventive legal protection for landowners in the land certification system is obtained from buying and selling underhandedly in the village, namely, the government issues regulations accompanied by criminal threats, so it is an act that scares both landowners and officials related to the land ownership community, namely, Act of Law Number 224 of 1961. Repressive legal protection against landowners for land ownership can be pursued through non-litigation channels in the form of compensation for damages in the register, namely immediate indefeasible and deferred indefeasible.</p> James Pala Joewono Endang Prasetyawati Krisnadi Nasution ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-10 2023-05-10 6 5 308 320 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1203 Historical and Theoretical Evolution of Family Phenomenon Concepts from the Point of View of Easternal Thinkers <p style="text-align: justify;">The article deals with questions about the phenomenon of the family from the point of view of Eastern and modern Uzbek scientists. The author considers the problems of education in the family, as well as relations between spouses. The author also emphasizes that the development and problems of the institution of the family in the Republic of Uzbekistan are of paramount importance for the state.</p> Marat Allanazarovich Utepbergenov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 321 330 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1272 Female Headed Household in Bangladesh: An Alternative Approach to Attain Food Security <p style="text-align: justify;">Attaining food security remains as a foremost apprehension in the development endeavour of Bangladesh. The country has been successful in evading hunger through its policies of feeding the people more specifically with cereal. The Constitution of Bangladesh [Article 15(a)] recognizes the fundamental responsibility of the state is to secure to its citizens the provision of the basic necessities of life including nutritious foods. Bangladesh has been successfully able to attain food security for its people emphasizing only on increasing foodgrain availability. In the last three decades, even as its population has more than doubled, foodgrain availability has kept pace with population growth. Heavy dependence on foodgrain makes the people remain nutritionally in poor condition. This situation epitomize that there is disconnect between food policy of feeding the people with foodgrain and nutrition. Therefore to achieve food security in actual sense emphasis should be given on nutrition. Percentage of female headed household in Bangladesh is rising and it was 12.5% in 2014. Considering this view present study examine the impact of female headed household on the intake of major macronutrients i.e. carbohydrate, protein and fat and micronutrients i.e. vitamin. In the paper, to estimate the parameter the secondary data from the Household Income and Expenditure Survey (2010) of Bangladesh has been used. The data set included daily data on food consumption for consecutive 15 days for 12,240 households.&nbsp; To estimate the parameters both Seemingly Unrelated Regression Equation (SURE) and Ordinary Least Square (OLS) has been used in the paper. It is found that female headed households have negative and significant impact on carbohydrate intake and positive and significant impact on fat intake. However female headed households have no such impact on protein and vitamin intake.&nbsp; It is also found that from policies point of view these households will perform better. Attaining food security remains as a foremost apprehension in the development endeavour of Bangladesh. The country has been successful in evading hunger through its policies of feeding the people more specifically with cereal. The Constitution of Bangladesh [Article 15(a)] recognizes the fundamental responsibility of the state is to secure to its citizens the provision of the basic necessities of life including nutritious foods. Bangladesh has been successfully able to attain food security for its people emphasizing only on increasing foodgrain availability. In the last three decades, even as its population has more than doubled, foodgrain availability has kept pace with population growth. Heavy dependence on foodgrain makes the people remain nutritionally in poor condition. This situation epitomize that there is disconnect between food policy of feeding the people with foodgrain and nutrition. Therefore to achieve food security in actual sense emphasis should be given on nutrition. Percentage of female headed household in Bangladesh is rising and it was 12.5% in 2014. Considering this view present study examine the impact of female headed household on the intake of major macronutrients i.e. carbohydrate, protein and fat and micronutrients i.e. vitamin. In the paper, to estimate the parameter the secondary data from the Household Income and Expenditure Survey (2010) of Bangladesh has been used. The data set included daily data on food consumption for consecutive 15 days for 12,240 households.&nbsp; To estimate the parameters both Seemingly Unrelated Regression Equation (SURE) and Ordinary Least Square (OLS) has been used in the paper. It is found that female headed households have negative and significant impact on carbohydrate intake and positive and significant impact on fat intake. However female headed households have no such impact on protein and vitamin intake.&nbsp; It is also found that from policies point of view these households will perform better.</p> Shaela Tasmina Mahbub ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-10 2023-05-10 6 5 331 341 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1139 Directions and Prospects of Modern Transport Logistics in Our Country <p style="text-align: justify;">Today, the market of transport logistics services is actively developing in our country. The field of cargo transportation and storage in Uzbekistan has great prospects for development. Every year, thanks to the efforts of our state, transport networks are expanding and improving. Air, rail and road transport are the three pillars of the transport system of Uzbekistan. This article deals with directions of use in modern transport logistics in our country and their prospects.</p> Shukrullo Lutfullaev Oybek Nabi ogli Rakhimov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 342 347 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1273 Juridical Analysis of the Presidential Instruction No. 2 of 2022 Concerning the Purchase of Goods and Services <p style="text-align: justify;">The COVID-19 pandemic has been addressed in a number of ways, including the recommendation to stay at home. This has led to the closure of numerous public spaces, which has caused many local business owners to experience a decline in income or even to close their doors. For the success of the Proud Made in Indonesia National Movement (Gernas BBI) in the implementation of procurement of goods and government services, President Joko Widodo formally signed Presidential Instruction (Inpres) No. 2 of 2022. This will increase the use of domestic products as well as products from MSMEs (Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises) and cooperatives. Finding out and analyzing how urgent it is to follow Presidential Instruction Number 2 of 2022 in the execution of government procurement of goods and services is the goal of this study. The normative-juridical analysis approach is the analytical technique applied. According to the study's findings, if the president's directives are carried out as intended by all parties, they would inevitably help to lower local business actors' incomes and boost the competitiveness of domestic goods. As a result of the protracted COVID-19 epidemic, this application may help the nation's economy expand in a more positive manner.</p> Khoirul Anwar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-10 2023-05-10 6 5 348 353 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1204 Axiological Values in L. Borodin’s Story “the Visit” <p style="text-align: justify;">Leonid Borodin is a well–known writer in the West. He is a laureate of the French Freedom Prize, the Italian Grisante Cavour. His books have been translated into many languages of the world, including English, German, French. Borodin began writing in the late 1960s, but remained unknown in Russia for a long time. The first publication took place in the Motherland 25 years after the creation of the text. The article analyzes the story of L. Borodin “The Visit”, in the aspect of understanding the eternal spiritual and aesthetic “models of God–seeking”, actualizing in the artistic consciousness of mankind through a new reading, a look at the concept–forming complex of problems “God–Being–Man”.</p> Rodina I.V ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 354 358 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1276 An Exploration of the Effectiveness of Professional Bodies Operating in South African Municipalities <p style="text-align: justify;">Public service, in general, is marred with a lot of dissatisfaction from service users and this has inevitably culminated into public protests. Members of the public and service users are beginning to question competencies and capabilities of the officials who are responsible for the provision of services. Whilst it is true that there are public servants who do not qualify for positions they are occupying, it is also true that there are officials who meet the qualification requirements but simply cannot perform in their jobs simply because of laziness and or lack of professionalism. The latter has also led to questions being asked about the role of professional bodies in supporting the provision of public services. South Africa has recently seen a spike in public protests for services especially in the local government sector (municipalities). It is for this reason that the study explored the effectiveness of professional bodies operating in South African municipalities. The study employed the qualitative research method wherein interviews were conducted as data collection instrument. A sample of senior managers was selected across South African municipalities who then responded to questions about professional bodies. It became evident from the study that there is a need for professional bodies to play an even bigger role in collaboration with municipalities to professionalize the local government sector. The study therefore recommends various options in which professional bodies can collaborate with municipalities.</p> Mpilo Ngubane ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 359 371 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1277 A.S. Pushkin’s Poem “Prophet” in the Space of Intercultural Communication <p style="text-align: justify;">The article analyzes the Quranic motifs in the works of A.S. Pushkin on the material of the poem “Prophet” in the context of the axiological components of the interaction of cultures. Being the quintessence of eternal spiritual values, the texts of Holy Scripture and true poetry carry a special energy potential, embody universal ideals and are a universal cipher of value coordinates in the intercultural dialogue of civilizations. Pushkin in the “Prophet” formulates his principle and meaning, which he will adhere to throughout his life. In his poem, the poet says that he is a modern–day prophet of God; who should carry the holy truth to people who are unable to know it on their own.</p> Petruxina N.M. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 372 376 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1278 Main Directions of Activities of Local Executive Authorities in New Uzbekistan <p style="text-align: justify;">The article analyzes the main directions of the activities of local executive authorities in Uzbekistan. The activities of representative bodies of local state power are covered in legal terms. The system of control is provided by non-governmental non-profit organizations, self-management bodies of citizens and mass media, as provided by the legislation. As a result, the sole purpose of the local government's activities, i.e. solving socio-economic, socio-cultural issues related to the development of regions, and ensuring the balance of interests, was justified.</p> Akida Abdujabbarovna Dadasheva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 377 383 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1290 Persistent Poverty Amid Rural Infrastructure Development in Timor Island, Indonesia: Enhancing Livelihood Analysis on Rural Development <p style="text-align: justify;">This paper examines the impacts of rural infrastructure development on the livelihood of peasant communities in the Bena Irrigation Area in South Amanuban District, Timor, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Statistic data indicated that despite significant agricultural infrastructure developments, the local people's welfare remains less developed, and poverty persists. Based on the Pentagon assets of livelihood approach, this paper analyses how politics and power, the broader structure of the society and globalization, and dynamics of livelihood change and shift in the future have shaped the livelihood of the people of Bena. This research found that the development of natural, social, and human assets has yet to be sufficiently supported by political structure and power relation to having maximum advantages, is still vulnerable to impacts of globalization, and lacks clear pathways to anticipate future shifts in rural livelihood. This paper argues that rural livelihood analysis in Timor should involve notions of politics and power, impacts of globalization and anticipation of future shifts and changes in rural livelihood.</p> Yulius Yasinto Daniel D Kameo Robert M Lawang ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 6 5 384 400 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1224 Econometric Analysis of the Efficiency of Using Tax Incentives <p style="text-align: justify;">The article is devoted to the consideration of the econometric analysis of the efficiency of the use of tax incentives, which includes the analysis of the literature sources within the scope of the subject. Relevant conclusions and proposals have been developed in reliance several econometric models.</p> Sherzod Rustamovich Nurmatov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 401 414 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1314 Competence of Bhabinkamtibmas in Preventing Conflict among Traditional Martial Arts (Silat) Organization in Jombang Resort Police <p style="text-align: justify;">This research was motivated by the rampant conflict between traditional martial arts (silat) organizations at the Jombang Resort Police due to the inadequate competence of Bhabinkamtibmas. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the competence of Bhabinkamtibmas in preventing social conflicts of this type. A qualitative approach with the field research method was used in this study. The research sources were related parties from the Jombang Police, and data collection techniques included interview techniques, document review, and observation, reinforced by focus group discussions and competency tests. The research found that the general competency profile of Bhabinkamtibmas in terms of knowledge, skills, and attitudes is still insufficient. Additionally, the conflict is mostly triggered by silat organizations with a large following. The main factors causing conflict are differences in identity and the doctrine of solidarity. The study concludes that professional competency of Bhabinkamtibmas is determined not only by knowledge and skill aspects, but also by other invisible aspects, such as motives, traits, concepts, and the characteristics of the Bhabinkamtibmas assignment area. Both general and professional competencies of Bhabinkamtibmas in preventing conflicts between silat organizations are limited, and the most significant influencing factor is the initiative of Bhabinkamtibmas and their direct superiors.</p> Annas Zulkarnain Riska Sri Handayani Firman Fadillah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 415 429 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1315 The Evolution of Sports, Journalism, Internet and Sports Websites <p style="text-align: justify;">The article talks about sports sites on the Internet. Also, the analysis of the achievements and shortcomings of the further expansion of the activity of sports sites, the implementation of continuous reform of the site is presented.</p> Ergash Toshpulatovich Boborajabov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 430 435 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1316 Synergy between the Police, TNI, Local Government, and the Community to Promote Diversity and Improve Security and National Unity in the Papua Region <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of this study is to explore how the Indonesian government can promote diversity and improve security and national unity in the Papua region through a collaborative effort between the Police, TNI, Local Government, and the community. This qualitative research involved data collection through interviews, observations, and document analysis. The analysis revealed three strategic approaches to addressing security issues in Papua: the soft approach, culture approach, and hard approach. The study also identified a lack of operational synergy between the TNI-Polri Task Force in responding to the KKB threat in Papua. To enhance operational synergy, the study recommends establishing mechanisms, coordination, integration, synchronization, and synergy of TNI-Polri programs. This can be achieved through increased cooperation and communication, as well as socialization via integrated coordination meetings. The study classifies the factors that contribute to synergy into organizational, policy, and operational categories, based on the level of synergy achieved.</p> Arief Sulaiman Chryshnanda Dwilaksana Abdul Muta'ali ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 436 448 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1317 The Transition from Education to Work and Employment Opportunities from the Point of View of the Students of the State Conservatory of Uzbekistan <p style="text-align: justify;">The paper examines the results of the quantitative study undertaken among the students of the State Conservatory of Uzbekistan in order to reveal what difficulties and shortcomings creative graduates have, and whether they are prepared to break into professional networks. As well as how higher educational establishments in creative musical art deal with a growing interest in the sector of entrepreneurship. According to the findings, students are generally aware of the complexities of a career in music and the performing arts. In this regard, the majority of respondents showed interest in gaining additional knowledge outside of their primary profession. The survey also revealed that many students wanted to do more of their specialty without considering the economic implications; however, a smaller group of survey participants was prepared to enter the creative economy.</p> Munavara Abdullaeva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 449 453 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1318 The Impact of Innovation Drivers and Innovation on Business Performance: Coffee Shops in Bekasi <p style="text-align: justify;">Due to the increasing demand for coffee in Indonesia and the predilection of the Indonesian people for coffee, numerous coffee businesses have emerged in various locations, including Bekasi. The coffee stores of Bekasi City, a city with a population of 2.5 million (Central Bureau of Statistics, 2020) and a border with DKI Jakarta, are a significant and expanding culinary enterprise. This increase makes competition among coffee shops very intense, and efforts must be made to comprehend how coffee shops can preserve or improve their performance through innovation in order to retain certain competitive advantages in order to survive and to maintain a stable, growing business performance. This study investigates whether innovation drivers and innovation have an impact on business performance. This research combines quantitative and qualitative approaches. The quantitative survey was conducted with 83 participants using a technique of purposive sampling. The findings of quantitative analysis utilising the Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Model (PLS-SEM) tool indicate that organisational innovation and internal innovation drivers have no effect on business performance, while for external innovation drivers, product innovation, process innovation, and marketing innovation have a positive impact on business performance. Qualitative methods are carried out to complement the analysis that has been carried out based on the findings from the processing of quantitative data. The conclusion of this study is that coffee shop owners and management should pay attention to aspects of organizational innovation by always empowering existing human resources, creating comprehensive SOPs, and always analyzing information obtained by owners and management in order to remain adaptive. In addition, owners and management must actively communicate with their employees/baristas in order for them to comprehend field conditions and actively conduct R&amp;D while considering the coffee shop's financial situation in order for it to be effective and cost-effective.</p> Fauzan Bariza Dina Dellyana ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 454 470 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1319 About The History of Imam Al–Bukhari Complex <p style="text-align: justify;">This article provides information based on extensive and detailed resources about the scientific activity of Imam al–Bukhari, his contribution to the science of hadith, creative samples and works, as well as the history of the creation of the complex of al–Bukhari, where the great scholar was buried, and the renovation work that is currently being carried out in the complex. The complex includes a large mosque, a museum decorated with various religious inscriptions, a mausoleum, a library with a collection of the most famous creative examples of Imam al–Bukhari and fundamental works reflecting Islamic etiquette, as well as International Scientific Research Center.</p> Ibodat Gafforovna Sattarova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 471 474 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1324 Insurance Broker Liability Concept as a Profession Which Is Just in Indonesia <p style="text-align: justify;">Insurance brokers are professionals who provide recommendations or represent policyholders in insurance and sharia insurance. The Insurance Law requires that insurance brokerage companies be in the form of limited liability companies that adhere to limited liability, with responsibility for the actions of insurance brokers falling under the principle of vicarious liability. The law states that insurance brokerage companies and reinsurance brokerage companies are responsible for the actions of insurance brokers who provide recommendations to policyholders regarding insurance coverage or closure. This article discusses the liability of insurance brokerage companies and insurance brokers for damages resulting from the negligence and mistakes of insurance brokers. The article adopts a normative juridical research method and uses a statute approach with analogical interpretation and a conceptual approach with systematic and reverse interpretation. The research finds that there is a need for a classification/categorization of worker categories in statutory provisions to provide certainty and legal protection. This classification should at least make a distinction between laborers, ordinary workers, and professional workers. The concept of vicarious liability is no longer relevant for professional workers, as they have a scope of duties, responsibilities, and authorities that differ from those of workers in general. They also receive different wages and rewards. The research suggests a theory of civil liability for the insurance broker profession in the form of compensation based on fault contribution. This theory takes into account the limited liability capabilities of limited liability companies and the principle of proportionality in creating justice. It balances the need for individuals to be fully responsible for their mistakes and negligence with the limited liability of companies.</p> Ahmad Syaifudin Sri Suhariningsih Budi Santoso Sukarmi Sukarmi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 475 489 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1325 The Experience of Implementing Social and Political Advertising in the Development of the Political System in Uzbekistan: Achievements and Problems <p style="text-align: justify;">This article analyzes the significance of image in politics, image formation in electoral processes. The article also gives general conclusions on the importance of socio–political advertising in the formation of image in the electoral processes.</p> Gulbakhor Taxirovna Isanova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 490 495 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1326 Human Resource Development on Employee Work Ethic in the Direktorat Tindak Pidana Umum Bareskrim Polri <p style="text-align: justify;">Work ethic affects how an institution can achieve its desired goals. Therefore, human resource development is needed to improve the work ethic of employees. This study aims to determine the extent of human resource development in improving the work ethic of employees in The Direktorat Tindak Pidana Umum Bareskrim Polri Jakarta. Using a qualitative descriptive method, the research employed observation and interviews as data collection tools. Interviews were conducted with a supervisor from The Direktorat Tindak Pidana Umum Bareskrim Polri Jakarta. The study draws upon Mondy et al.'s (1999) theory related to work performance measurement. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that all the indicators adapted by this study were achieved by the employees in The Direktorat Tindak Pidana Umum Bareskrim Polri Jakarta.</p> Asi Yuliano P.B. Simarmata Surya Nita Indriyanto Seno Adji ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 496 504 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1327 Implementation of Community Policing in Actualizing Precise Police Force in Mamuju City Police Station <p style="text-align: justify;">The development of modern society is intertwined with increasing crime rates, making security and public order crucial for regional progress. The National Police, as mandated by Law No. 2 of 2002, is responsible for maintaining public security, enforcing the law, and providing protection and services. To achieve precision in policing, the National Police Chief, General Drs. Listyo Sigit Prabowo, introduced the concept of transformative measures, including predictive policing to prevent security disturbances (Kamtibmas). Bhabinkamtibmas, a community policing sector, plays a vital role in detecting potential Kamtibmas disturbances within the jurisdiction of Mamuju Police. This study aims to analyze the implementation of community policing in realizing the transformation towards a Precision Police in the Mamuju Police. A qualitative approach with descriptive analytics is employed to provide a detailed description of the current situation. Primary and secondary data are collected through observation, interviews, and document studies. The accuracy and validity of the data are tested using the triangulation technique. The findings reveal that the organizational resources of Polresta Mamuju are insufficient in implementing community policing, particularly in terms of the competence of Bhabinkamtibmas. The actualization of the transformation towards a Precision Police, particularly in relation to predictive policing, has not been fully realized by the Bhabinkamtibmas of the Mamuju Police. The role of Bhabinkamtibmas in community policing, including information gathering, early detection, and problem-solving, is also suboptimal. Therefore, the researcher recommends several strategies for the Mamuju Police to enhance the implementation of predictive policing. These strategies include improving the competence of personnel, allocating adequate budget and resources, implementing e-policing, strengthening early detection, enhancing information gathering and data processing, establishing effective communication and information systems, and conducting community-level education.</p> Muhammad Aditama Chryshnanda Dwi Laksana Muhammad Erza Aminoto ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 505 515 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1328 Enforcing the Professional and Police Codes of Ethics to Address Violations Committed by Police Officers <p style="text-align: justify;">The National Police of the Republic of Indonesia (POLRI) is one of the most important law enforcement professions in Indonesia, and it is essential that its members maintain the highest standards of professionalism and ethical conduct. To this end, POLRI has a code of professional ethics in place that guides the behavior of its members. However, the implementation of this code of ethics has been the subject of much scrutiny, and there have been instances where POLRI members have engaged in illegal activities. This paper seeks to investigate the implementation of the code of professional ethics for POLRI through an analysis of National Police Regulation Number 7 of 2022. The study is both descriptive and analytical, utilizing normative legislation and empirical strategies to examine the code of ethics and punishment for POLRI members who engage in illegal activities. The findings of this study reveal that the implementation of National Police Regulation 7 of 2022 is a new and important step towards promoting integrity and accountability among POLRI members. By replacing two previous regulations and introducing the Indonesian National Police Code of Professional Ethics (KEPP) and the Indonesian National Police Code of Conduct Commission (KKEP), the new regulation aims to ensure that all POLRI members are held to the highest standards of professionalism and ethical conduct.</p> Dani Hayqal Chryshnanda Dwilaksana Chairul Muriman Setyabudi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 516 524 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1329 Policing Strategies in Preventing Gang Conflicts between Teenagers by the South Jakarta Metro Police <p style="text-align: justify;">Youth gang conflicts have become a significant social problem in many countries, including Indonesia. In response, the South Jakarta Metro Police has been implementing various prevention strategies, including predictive policing. However, there is a need to evaluate the effectiveness of these strategies and identify any weaknesses and challenges that may hinder their success. This study aims to identify the factors that influence the prevention of gang conflicts between teenagers in the jurisdiction of the South Jakarta Metro Police, as well as police strategies in preventing gang conflicts between teenagers through the implementation of predictive policing. The research type used in this study is descriptive qualitative using a case study approach. The analysis results indicate that the prevention of youth gang conflicts in the jurisdiction of the South Jakarta Metro Police is less effective due to weaknesses and threats/challenges faced. Weaknesses include aspects such as the quantity of human resources, facilities, and working methods in Satbinmas and Satsamapta Polres Metro Jaksel, which conduct preemptive activities (door-to-door patrols and focus group discussions) and preventive activities (foot patrols, vehicle patrols, and monitoring via CCTV). Additionally, there is a shortage of budget in Satbinmas which carries out preemptive activities. The prevention of youth gang conflicts through the application of predictive policing in the jurisdiction of the Jaksel Metro Police is not optimal because it does not utilize data on the characteristics of adolescent perpetrators of youth gang conflicts, such as age and the frequency of offenses.</p> Daniel Dirgala Basir S Surya Nita ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 525 534 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1330 The Influence of Motivation on the Performance of the Early Detection of Bhabinkamtibmas Unit at Polresta Tangerang <p style="text-align: justify;">Various strategies can be employed to enhance the performance of members within an organization, facilitating the achievement of organizational goals. Performance is defined as the outcome of an individual's or a group of individuals' work, aligned with their respective responsibilities and authorities, in pursuit of organizational objectives while adhering to legal, moral, and ethical standards. Consequently, performance holds significant importance for members, companies, and organizations. Several factors, including individual attributes and the organizational environment, can influence member performance. In the context of implementing Community Police (<em>Polmas</em>) initiatives, the establishment of a unit called <em>Bhayangkara Pembina Ketertiban dan Keamanan Masyarakat</em> (<em>Bhabinkamtibmas</em>) has taken place. Instances of social institution-related problems have emerged due to the absence of early detection of root causes within the community. Merely increasing the number of officers and police activities does not guarantee the absence of threats to public security. Thus, the police force requires the participation and cooperation of the community. Recognizing the significance of police-community collaboration, the researcher aims to conduct an in-depth examination of the "The Influence of Motivation on the Performance of Early Detection of the Bhabinkamtibmas Unit at the Tangerang Police."</p> Imam Wahyu Pramono Chairul Muriman Setyabudi Basir S ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 535 542 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1331 The Influence of Implementing Rural Bank on Financial Performance (Study on Rural Banks in Central Java and the Special Region of Yogyakarta) <p style="text-align: justify;">The present study analyzed the influence of implementing Rural Bank on the financial performance of Rural Banks in Central Java and the Special Region of Yogyakarta. The increase of Rural Bank's business followed by expansion of services might increase the risk in performing Rural Bank's activities. Thus, the implementation of governance is assumed to be essential to improve the performance of Rural Banks, protect stakeholders, increase compliance with provisions and ethical values ​​that generally apply in banking. The research sample involved 305 Rural Banks in Central Java and Yogyakarta. The data analysis technique employed multiple linear regression. The results of the study included: First, in the 2017-2019 period, as the implementation of Rural Bank, the Board of Directors has a positive influence on Rural Bank's financial performance, but in the 2020-2021 period the Board of Directors has a negative influence on Rural Bank's financial performance. Second, as an implementation of Rural Bank, the composition of the Independent Board of Commissioners has a negative influence on Rural Bank's financial performance in the 2017-2019 period as well as the 2020-2021 period. Research limitations include: First, this study had an adjusted R² value below 35%. Future research should add other Rural Bank implementation variables such as the number of directors. Second, this study involved a limited sample of only Rural Banks in Central Java and the Special Region of Yogyakarta. Future research should expand the scope of Rural Banks outside Central Java and the Special Region of Yogyakarta. Third, this study was still limited to Rural Banks and does not yet cover other financial institutions in the regions. Future research should consider other financial institutions such as commercial banks.</p> Ary Widiastuti Djuminah Djuminah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-29 2023-05-29 6 5 543 556 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1282 The Link between School Resource Distribution and Academic Performance: An Investigation of Public Schools in Limpopo Province, South Africa <p style="text-align: justify;">This study explores the relationship between the distribution of school resources and learners' academic achievement in public schools in Limpopo Province, South Africa. The research employs a quantitative approach, using data collected from a sample of 222 learners from 68 randomly selected public schools in the province. The study uses regression analysis to examine the impact of school resources, including teachers' qualifications, availability of textbooks, and classroom infrastructure, on learners' academic achievement. The results indicate that the distribution of school resources significantly affects learners' academic performance. Specifically, the availability of textbooks, teachers' qualifications, and classroom infrastructure has a positive impact on learners' academic achievement. However, the findings reveal that there are disparities in the distribution of resources across schools, with learners in some schools having access to better resources than others. The study concludes that there is a need for policymakers to prioritize the equitable distribution of school resources to enhance the academic performance of learners in public schools in Limpopo Province.</p> Mmbengeni Victor Netshidzivhani Azwindini Moses Molaudzi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 6 5 557 564 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1337 The Tax Strategy for E-Commerce Companies is based on Developments in Indonesia <p>The purpose of this study is to discover the tax approach used by Indonesian e-commerce enterprises and examine how it impacts the growth of the country's e-commerce sector. The research method used is a literature study that collects and analyzes sources of information from various sources such as journals, books, and articles related to this topic. The study's findings indicate that in order to ensure good tax compliance and maximize their business performance, e-commerce companies in Indonesia need to pay attention to a number of appropriate tax strategies. Some of the recommended strategies include understanding applicable tax regulations, using e-commerce platforms registered in Indonesia, paying attention to import taxes, utilizing tax facilities provided by the government, managing and monitoring expenditures, and paying attention to changes in tax regulations. This research shows that the compliance of e-commerce companies with the applicable tax regulations in Indonesia is important for maintaining business continuity and ensuring equal competition in the e-commerce industry. To encourage the expansion of Indonesia's e-commerce sector, the government must also continue to update tax laws and offer suitable tax facilities.</p> Kadarisman Hidayat Muhammad Ishlah Idrus ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-30 2023-05-30 6 5 565 572 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1298 Legal Protection of Community Social Rights Related to Mining Activities <p style="text-align: justify;">Mining can have a negative impact on the social rights of communities. Therefore, it is necessary to protect the social rights of communities affected by mining activities. This article discusses the protection of community social rights related to mining based on Law no. 4 of 2009 concerning Mineral and Coal Mining. Protection can be carried out through planning, monitoring and community participation mechanisms in mining activities. In the context of protecting the social rights of the community, it is important to involve the community in the decision-making process and guarantee the community's right to participate in mining activities. Efforts to protect the social rights of the community will ensure that mining activities not only provide economic benefits, but also pay attention to the social welfare of the community and environmental sustainability.</p> Yoan Barbara Runtunuwu Ronny A Maramis Emma V. T. Senewe Dani R. Pinasang ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-30 2023-05-30 6 5 573 579 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1269 Promoting Peace Through Our Fingertips: Exploring Social Media as a Space for Peace Education in South African Schools <p>Peace is a precious goal of humanity and should be accomplished and sustained in all ways. Peace education is a powerful means to create a peaceful and harmonious learning environment in schools. The use of social media, particularly among youth, has grown exponentially in the contemporary world of communication and revolutionised the speed and success of information sharing. If harnessed effectively, social media is a vehicle for delivering peace education to transform the schooling environment and empower learners with peace values. However, the role of social media as tool for peace is still in its infancy. This theoretical paper aims at adding to knowledge by exploring the feasibility of using social media as space for dispensing and promoting peace education as strategy to combat school violence. Informed by the integrative theory of peace, a critical qualitative review of literature guided by the interpretive paradigm addressed the question: What is the feasibility of using social media as educational space for peace education? Findings suggest that social media platforms can be used as channels to dispense and promote messages of peace, conflict management and tolerant behaviour among learners to combat school violence. Social media can be used effectively to promote peace education globally and foster peace values and behaviour that promote the culture of peace and non-violence among individuals. This paper makes a valuable contribution to literature by proposing an analytical framework that outlines how social media could be used as educational tool for peace education to combat violence in schools.</p> Ntokozo Dennis Ndwandwe ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-30 2023-05-30 6 5 580 591 10.47814/ijssrr.v6i5.1262