International Journal of Social Science Research and Review 2021-09-02T19:10:58+00:00 Coordinator Open Journal Systems <p><strong>International Journal of Social Science Research and Review (IJSSRR)&nbsp;ISSN 2700-2497</strong> is an international, open-access journal with double-blind peer-reviewed, which covers all social science disciplines and academic scholarship with a view to sharing information and debate with the widest possible audience.</p> <p>The main areas relevant to the scope of the journal are social science studies and also the journal focuses on the following topics:</p> <ul> <li class="show">Religious studies</li> <li class="show">Cultural studies</li> <li class="show">Multicultural studies</li> <li class="show">Ethnic relations</li> <li class="show">Educational research</li> <li class="show">Peace Studies</li> </ul> <p>The IJSSRR is generally considered to be the top academic journal. The journal may target scientists, researchers, professors and students from social sciences and humanities research to publish articles that contribute significantly to the body of knowledge. Each issue also contains a large and valuable book review section. Therefore, the journal is published in both print and online versions. IJSSRR&nbsp;accepts submission of mainly four types: Original Articles, Short Communications, Reviews, and Proposals for special issues.</p> <p>The&nbsp;IJSSRR&nbsp;is published bimonthly and the online version is free access and download.</p> <ul> <li class="show">Open Access</li> <li class="show">High visibility</li> <li class="show">Retaining the copyright to your article</li> </ul> The Role of Informal Land Dispute Settlement Mechanisms on Family Land Ownership in Tanzania: A Case Study of Mbeya District, Mbeya Region 2021-08-30T12:36:33+00:00 Edward Karumiana Mwaigombe Frataline Kashaga <p>Informal land disputes settlement mechanisms epitomize a classic example of valuable and useful indigenous knowledge, which Africans have acquired for ages but is not being recognized and sometimes not fully utilized in contemporary African societies. The study aimed to assess the role of informal land dispute settlement mechanisms on family land ownership in Tanzania: A case of Mbeya district. The specific objectives of the study were to identify nature and causes of informal land dispute settlement mechanisms on family land ownership in Mbeya district and to examine the effectiveness of informal land dispute settlement mechanisms on family land ownership in Mbeya district. The study adopted case study research design, target population of the study was 446 respondents, and sample size of the study was 128 respondents. This study employed both qualitative and quantitative research approach data collection tools used was questionnaires, interview and focus group discussion. The study findings indicated that causes of disputes on family land ownership and effectiveness of informal dispute settlement mechanism significantly lead to family land ownership conflicts in Mbeya district as well as in Tanzania. The study concluded that informal land dispute settlement mechanisms help people within the community to attain land ownership through chiefs and community elders&nbsp; because this mechanism can strengthen&nbsp; solidarity, ethnics discipline in the community and recommended that the government should formulate policy and law governing informal land dispute settlement mechanisms on family land ownership to be accommodated in the local system to facilitate quickly land matters rather than depending on western system.</p> 2021-08-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Dating Related Abuse on Girl Students, The Case of Bonga University 2021-08-30T12:26:03+00:00 Getachew Roba Agegnew <p>The objective of the study is examining dating related abuse on girl students in Bonga University. A mixed research method was used for the data collection and analysis of this study in a sample of 166 regular undergraduate female students. Systematic random and purposive sampling methods were used for data gathering. This research’s result shows that there is a prevalence of dating related abuse with the dominance of emotional abuse. Cultural influence and considering abuse as a sign of love are the major contributing factors and self-esteem is negatively correlated with the three abuse types. Therefore, the researcher concludes; dating abuse can be both a cause and a consequence for low self-esteem and considering abuse as a sign of love which is influenced by society’s culture, has contributed most to its prevalence. Finally, the researcher recommends that attitudes and norms related to gender inequality needs to be challenged and heavy measures should be taken on those who break the law in order to deter others.</p> 2021-08-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Impact of Covid-19 Public Health Policies on Persons with Disability and their Caregivers in Malta 2021-08-30T12:54:00+00:00 Andrew Camilleri Samantha Pace Gasan Andrew Azzopardi <p>On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared a global health pandemic, due to the spread of a novel coronavirus, later named “Covid-19”. The spread of Covid-19 led to social isolation, distancing and a number of restrictive measures in Malta.&nbsp; The aim of this paper is to analyse the impact of Covid-19 and the subsequent restrictive measures on persons with disability and their caregivers and families in Malta. Using thematic analysis, the study found that a variety of impacts ranging from a sense of isolation, lack of essential services being provided, additional difficulties encountered at the place of work and education and measures that were not sufficiently tailored for persons with disability issued by public health authorities. Underlying the additional difficulties brought about by Covid-19, structural difficulties to access essential services as well as ignorance from policy makers and politicians and the added “vulnerable-ization” of persons with disabilities were found to be highly impacting factors that pervade the experience of persons with disabilities and their caregivers.</p> 2021-08-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Τhe Integration of Refugee Children in Education and the Contribution of the Family Environment, According to Social Work 2021-08-30T14:46:34+00:00 Stavros Fragkos <p>The inclusion of child refugees in the school environment is a complex endeavor. This research will cover the matter of social inclusion of child refugees, in the school community. More specifically, it is conducted with the purpose, of showing aspects of every way, in which the home environment can assist the service of social workers. It concerns a qualitative research, that sampled social workers, educators and other individuals in charge-coordinators, who had previously worked in the field of child refugee education. The results of this research reveal useful intervention techniques, as well as details that have to be taken into consideration during the planning, but also the realizations of such actions.</p> 2021-08-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Jurisprudence-Legal Government Surveillance and Interference in the Relations between Workers and Employers in Egypt 2021-09-01T20:36:17+00:00 Lotfi Tudros Rizk <p>One of the most important laws of the countries is the labor law whose the target society is made of a large number of people, i.e. workers and employers. There are laws and regulations in Egypt on the relation between the workers and the employers. There are also principles for protecting this group (workers) as the fundamental principles of work, all of which are intended to improve the workers' lives and to establish rules that will better serve the interests of workers. The main aim of the labor rights is to improve the socioeconomic status of workers and to provide more security and justice and also to establish a social order for this class of society. The present study is a descriptive-analytic research, which investigates jurisprudential-legal government supervision and interference in the relation between the worker and the employer in Egypt. The results indicate that the necessity of government involvement in worker-employer relations has two main reasons. These reasons include changing the nature of labor relations after the industrial revolution and changing the function of government in contemporary time. The complexity and transformation of various relationships, including labor relations, which justifies the need for the intervention of a superior power to support the weak party of this relationship.</p> 2021-08-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effect of Policymaking Improvement in the Energy Field on the Security of Iraq 2021-09-02T19:10:58+00:00 Nadhmi Khedairi Kasim Taqi al-Sahlani <p>Energy plays an underlying role in the life of industrial economics of societies. This means that whenever energy is available sufficiently and timely, economic development will also be possible. Moreover, foreign and international policies can be shaped by various factors and have different orientations in relation to these factors. One of the requirements for growth and development in the country is the adoption of appropriate policy and diplomacy to ensure energy security. To the awareness of each other energy security policy, countries can follow cooperative relations and participation by adopting appropriate policy and sophisticated diplomacy, which will result in more profits. The important point is that the regional developments have a significant impact on energy and its security, including sanctions. The current study, using descriptive-analytical method, attempts to investigate the impact of policy improvement in the energy field on the security of Iraq.</p> 2021-08-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##