International Journal of Social Science Research and Review 2021-04-13T06:12:37+00:00 Coordinator Open Journal Systems <p><strong>International Journal of Social Science Research and Review (IJSSRR)&nbsp;ISSN 2700-2497</strong> is an international, open-access journal with double-blind peer-reviewed, which covers all social science disciplines and academic scholarship with a view to sharing information and debate with the widest possible audience.</p> <p>The main areas relevant to the scope of the journal are social science studies and also the journal focuses on the following topics:</p> <ul> <li class="show">Religious studies</li> <li class="show">Cultural studies</li> <li class="show">Multicultural studies</li> <li class="show">Ethnic relations</li> <li class="show">Educational research</li> <li class="show">Peace Studies</li> </ul> <p>The IJSSRR is generally considered to be the top academic journal. The journal may target scientists, researchers, professors and students from social sciences and humanities research to publish articles that contribute significantly to the body of knowledge. Each issue also contains a large and valuable book review section. Therefore, the journal is published in both print and online versions. IJSSRR&nbsp;accepts submission of mainly four types: Original Articles, Short Communications, Reviews, and Proposals for special issues.</p> <p>The&nbsp;IJSSRR&nbsp;is published bimonthly and the online version is free access and download.</p> <ul> <li class="show">Open Access</li> <li class="show">High visibility</li> <li class="show">Retaining the copyright to your article</li> </ul> Improving the Economic and Mathematical Methods for Analyzing and Reducing Current State of Debt Among the Entities 2021-04-13T06:12:37+00:00 Ruzimuradov Shuhrat Husanovich <p>The collection of information on non-payments in the banking sector and their compact presentation in the matrix form in accordance with the required rules, the creation of various economic models (equities) of non-payments, elimination of different non-payment consequences and analysis are the intermediate scientific research goal of the article.</p> 2021-03-09T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Role of the Correctional Hall of Serang in the Settlement of Child Offender Through Diversion in Juvenile Justice System 2021-04-13T06:12:37+00:00 Nurul Azim <p>Child imprisonment turns out to not be able to prosper children and interfere with children's growth and development. Children's rights are recognized globally through the Convention on the Rights of the Child through Presidential Decree Number 36 of 1990 concerning Ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Chilid (Convention on the Rights of the Child). The research method used is normative juridical using a statutory approach and a case approach. How is Bapas' war in resolving children in conflict with the law, through a diversified approach at the stage of investigation, prosecution and examination in court, as well as whether the obstacles in solving children's cases conflict with the law through diversion at the stage of investigation, prosecution and trial in court. The role of Bapas Class II A Serang in Resolving Children in Conflict with the Law through Diversion at the stage of Investigation, Prosecution and Court Examination, is to make Community Research Reports and supervise children in conflict with the law.</p> 2021-03-09T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Critique of Orientalists' Views on the Literary Miracle of the Qur'an 2021-04-13T06:12:36+00:00 Ali Qazanfari Ameneh Omidi Soleyman Heydarbeygi <p>From the very beginning of its revelation, the Qur'an has always been considered by Muslims and non-Muslims due to its important place in Islam. For this reason, from the beginning of the descent until today, it has always been the subject of discussion among scientists and researchers around the world&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Orientalists, who have always considered the Qur'an as a book born of the thoughts of the Prophet (PBUH), have criticized the Qur'an by expressing the flaws and inadequacies that they see in the Qur'an. Most of the Orientalists' material on the miracle of the Qur'an is related to the literary miracle, which has raised doubts about the eloquence and rhetoric of the Qur'an, as well as the contradictions in the Qur'anic expressions. One of these problems is the discussion of the literary miracle of the Qur'an. Orientalists by expressing such things as dry and unpolished prose; Repetition of stories and phrases; The confusion and lack of thematic connection between the verses of these cases has been considered as a reason for the lack of literary miracle of the Qur'an. In this article, with a descriptive-analytical method, while responding to the criticisms and problems of Orientalists, it has been proved for various reasons that it is one of the most important miraculous aspects of the Qur'an from a literary point of view. And all the issues raised by Orientalists are due to the lack of accurate translation and unfamiliarity with the culture of the Qur'an, as well as the lack of attention to the specific system of verses and verses of the Qur'an.</p> 2021-03-09T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## National Character: Integration Nationalist Value on Civics Teaching Materials in Elementary School 2021-04-13T06:12:36+00:00 Florentina Zarco Patricia Shalati <p>This research is conducted to know the effect of Team Games Tournament (TGT) learning model with “Numbered-Board Quiz” game in increasing science learning achievement of four grade students in Sawahan, Madiun. Although many research results show that students’ learning achievement are much improved, however the use of TGT learning model in science and the use of it in teaching learning process for elementary school are rarely found. Many teachers have not known about TGT learning model. The main requirement to observe science teaching learning process in the class refers to the requirement to the application of learning model TGT especially in science subject. The purpose is to know the effectiveness of the application of TGT to improve students’ achievement based on learning motivation. The population in this research is 154 students that come from 6 schools, 79 students are in experiment group and 75 students are in control group. Students in experiment group are given treatment with TGT learning model while students in control class are given treatment conventional learning model that is direct teaching. Collecting data is conducted two times, they are pretest and posttest. The result shows the significant differences of science learning achievement between students that are given TGT learning model and conventional method, also there is an interaction between the learning model used with student learning motivation.</p> 2021-03-09T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## EFL Classroom Activities in Teaching Listening Using Songs for Students 2021-04-13T06:12:36+00:00 Figen Güler Eylem Bozkurt <p>The aim of this study was to reveal English Foreign Language (EFL) classroom activities conducted by teachers in teaching listening using songs. A qualitative study method was applied. Three teachers of a senior high school in Indonesia were interviewed. Classroom observations were done. Teachers strongly believed that their students enjoyed the class and involved in the activities provided. The results show that students were eagerly active in the class joining activities conducted by teachers in teaching listening using songs. There were sixty students given questionnaire. They were chosen randomly. The study implies that it is necessary for teachers to plan various activities to attract students’ attention as well as to choose the appropriate song so that all of students are engaged in the learning process.</p> 2021-03-09T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Nationalist Value on Civics Teaching Materials in Elementary School 2021-04-13T06:12:36+00:00 Jamal Aziz <p>The past three years have witnessed a dramatic revitalization of civics education for use in schools. In this brief period, educators have participated in a major national inquiry into civics education, initiated a national curriculum materials project, commenced research to create a substantive teacher knowledge base, developed centers of civics education, and constructed programs for teacher preparation. While this revitalization is not yet well grounded in schools, the situation should change dramatically in the very near future. The structure of the administration of formal education varies widely among the surveyed jurisdictions. In some jurisdictions, national curricula for primary and secondary education is prepared by a central authority that decides the format and content of civic education. Teaching materials is one of the spearheads for achievement integration objectives of character values in a subject. If depicted in a pattern, teaching materials load and interpret the character values in it as well, in this case specifically the character of nationalist, so the teachers will be easier in the development and implementation of the code on the self-learners, in addition to the teachers also develop through learning activities in the classroom. This research was conducted using qualitative methods such as analysis of documents. Source of data used to the non-random sampling technique and purposive sampling. Integration efforts characters nationalists in the description of the learning material Books Students Themes Indahnya Kebersamaan 4th grade curriculum in 2013 carried on: 1) a description, (eye catcher, illustrations), 2) a description of work instructions, 3) a description of exercises after the appearance of discourse and 4) description of evaluation at the end of lesson activities.</p> 2021-03-09T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Knowledge and Practice of Breast and Complementary Infant Feeding Among Mothers in Shinasha Culture: The Case of Bullen Woreda, Metekel Zone, Ethiopia 2021-04-13T06:12:35+00:00 Assefa Hirpa Anbesho Getachew Roba Agegnew <p>The objective of this study was to investigate knowledge and practice of breast and complementary infant feedings among mothers of Shinasha culture in Bullen Woreda. The study was undertaken in four kebeles and 80 participants were selected by using convenient sampling. Questionnaire, interview and focus group discussion were used to collect data. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 26 to compute descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and one-way ANOVA. The result of analysis reveals that mothers were not given any information about infant feeding before birth of the infant and after birth of the infant mothers got information about breast and complementary infant feeding elder mothers. There is no significant difference among mothers on their knowledge and practice of breast and complementary infant feeding on the three categories of age. Mothers lacked sufficient knowledge about importance of breast feeding for breastfeeding mothers and biased in duration of breastfeeding between both sexes of their infants. The knowledge of complementary infant feeding mothers reported that male infants should start complementary foods earlier than female infants. It is concluded that there is no statistically significant difference among mothers by their knowledge level practices on breast and complementary infant feeding on their age groups. Finally, it was recommended that all concerned bodies of the community, health extension workers etc. should take their parts in educating and creating awareness for mothers about breast and complementary infant feeding.</p> 2021-03-09T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##