https://ijssrr.com/journal/issue/feed International Journal of Social Science Research and Review 2022-05-25T04:04:43+00:00 Coordinator editor@ijssrr.com Open Journal Systems <p align="justify"><strong>International Journal of Social Science Research and Review (IJSSRR)&nbsp;ISSN 2700-2497</strong> is an international, open-access journal with double-blind peer-reviewed, which covers all social science disciplines and academic scholarship with a view to sharing information and debate with the widest possible audience.</p> <p>The main areas relevant to the scope of the journal are social science studies and also the journal focuses on the following topics:</p> <ul> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Anthropology&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Sociology</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Psychology</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Politics</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Management</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Economics</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Law</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>History</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Culture</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Business Studies</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Linguistics</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Ethnic Relations</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Immigration and Migrant Workers Studies</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Multicultural studies</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Sports science</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Public relations</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Educational Research</strong>&nbsp;</li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Communication</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Peace Studies</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Religious Studies&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>&nbsp;Cultural studies</strong></li> </ul> <p align="justify">The IJSSRR is generally considered to be the top academic journal. The journal may target scientists, researchers, professors and students from social sciences and humanities research to publish articles that contribute significantly to the body of knowledge. Each issue also contains a large and valuable book review section. Therefore, the journal is published in both print and online versions. IJSSRR&nbsp;accepts submission of mainly four types: Original Articles, Short Communications, Reviews, and Proposals for special issues.</p> <p>The&nbsp;IJSSRR&nbsp;is published bimonthly and the online version is free access and download.</p> <ul> <li class="show">Open Access</li> <li class="show">High visibility</li> <li class="show">Retaining the copyright to your article</li> </ul> https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/327 Shankhay Zhyrau is Famous Karakalpak Epic Performer 2022-05-01T03:55:56+00:00 Egamkulova G.M. ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">This article gives a brief overview on Shankhay zhyrau. The article also provides information about the development of the Zhyrau schools of Shankhay, a well-known Zhyrau who lived and worked in Bukhara and Navoi regions and made a significant contribution to the development of Karakalpak Zhyrau art.</p> 2022-04-30T11:01:37+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/328 Prospects for the Development of Dictionaries of Geological Terms and Their Features 2022-05-01T03:55:55+00:00 Barno Toirkulovna Turdikulova ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com Oybek Saporbaevich Akhmedov ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Scientific terminology is one of the important layers that replenish the vocabulary of the Uzbek and other languages. When compiling scientific and technical terminological dictionaries, it is necessary to pay attention to its practical orientation. When translating an English term into Uzbek or Russian, one or more of its meanings are given. By location, the main word (by meaning) is given as the first word. The article defines and deals with analyzing some types of dictionaries. Dictionaries of geological terms are analyzed properly; their structure is also briefly described. As well as practical recommendations are given for teachers and lexicographers of the geological direction on working with a dictionary and on compiling a dictionary.</p> 2022-04-30T11:06:51+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/269 Good Governance in Education Department Indonesia: Balanced Scorecard Framework 2022-05-01T03:55:55+00:00 Khusnul Khotimah khusnul.usnulita@gmail.com Neti Karnati neti.karnati@unj.ac.id Sutjipto Sutjipto sutjipto17645@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The main objective of this study was to find a framework for good governance in the education department using the balanced scorecard model. The method used qualitative research with an evaluation model. Data were collected through the process of observation, interviews and documents. The data were analyzed through the process of data reduction, data presentation and concluding. The results of the study found that governance at the education office in East Kalimantan was good from the aspect of stakeholders, internal processes and financial management. The improvement that must be done is in customer service. The concept of satisfaction from parties outside the education office is an important item for improving stakeholder services. In addition, the complaint website must be made clearer through the standard operating procedure flow. So, it can be concluded that the aspect of good governance has been realized in the management of the education office. The recommendations given to the education office in East Kalimantan are the concept of transparent performance appraisal, development of information and communication technology.</p> 2022-04-30T11:12:04+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/296 Pedagogical Basis of Studying Folk Epics in the Independence Period 2022-05-01T03:55:54+00:00 Umurzoq Jumanazarov ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com Shirinbek Nurboev ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The article provides a brief analysis of doctoral, PhD, PhD dissertations defended in the field of Uzbek pedagogy over the past thirty years, as well as published major monographs, scientific ideas in pamphlets, new ideas.</p> 2022-04-30T11:16:28+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/255 Needs Analysis E-Module Based Hypercontent to Improve Collage Students’ Critical Thinking Skills 2022-05-01T03:55:58+00:00 Pujiati Pujiati pujiati@fkip.unila.ac.id Fanni Rahmawati fanni.rahmawati93@fkip.unila.ac.id Rahmawati Rahmawati rahmawati.1989@fkip.unila.ac.id Albet Maydiantoro albet.maydiantoro@fkip.unila.ac.id <p>This article aims to analyze the needs of teaching materials using e-module based Hypercontent and learning media can improve collage students’ critical thinking. The research method used is descriptive-qualitative, that is by doing observation, interview and document study. The problem found in teaching and learning process is that the tendency to use conventional teaching materials rather than varied modes of teaching materials so can affect their critical thinking skills. The implementation of teaching and learning process using e-module is one of the ways to facilitate students’ active learning to easily understand the materials. One of the variation of teaching and learning media that can be used is e-module based Hypercontent. Teaching and learning process using e-module is an implementation of electronic learning. Students, therefore, are able to learn independently which can be done either inside or outside the classroom.</p> 2022-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/295 Development of Methodological Competence of University Teachers in the Context of Inclusive Education 2022-05-01T03:55:54+00:00 Gavhar Saparovna Abdullayeva ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">At the present stage of the development of education in the world and domestic pedagogy are increasingly turning to the idea of inclusive education, which implies access to education for all, including for persons with special educational needs. Supporting the idea of inclusive education, implementing the introduction of inclusive practice, educational institutions operate in an innovative mode. The professional standard of teachers indicates that in the new social conditions there is a requirement – the willingness and ability of teachers to teach all persons without exception, regardless of their inclinations, development abilities, limited opportunities. This requirement entails the expansion of the functional responsibilities of teachers, changes in professionally significant and personal characteristics, but reliance only on traditional pedagogical skills and abilities is insufficient. The presentation of new functions and the increase in the requirements for the activities of teachers in the context of inclusive education lead to various difficulties for them. Practice of educational organizations higher education in the field of teaching people with special educational needs indicates that the educational process requires deep study, especially the content of its educational and methodological support, which significantly complicates the process of implementing inclusive education technologies. It is necessary to develop scientific and methodological complexes, methodological and educational products, programs professional training of teachers to work in inclusive education.</p> 2022-04-30T11:25:48+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/234 The International Monetary Fund’s Shaped Public Administration in the Ivory Coast and the Emerging Contextual Realities 2022-05-01T03:55:53+00:00 Alexis Foua afoua@arden.ac.uk Wilson Diriwari wods234_ola@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">This article aims to examine the relations of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Ivory Coast in the achievement of public administration reforms. While the former had to devise adequate structural adjustment programmes, the latter must set workable legal and policy frameworks for effective implementation of the programmes. <strong>The approach taken</strong> is a textual analysis based upon evaluating various IMF programmes contained in four successive Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) and the legal and policy frameworks set in compliance with IMF programmes. Based on its membership with the IMF, Ivory Coast benefits from the United Nations' agency's assistance should the need arise. As a result, from 1980 to date, regular cooperation has existed between the two entities. Whatever the outcome of their cooperation, lessons are always learned to improve future dealings. <strong>The value</strong> of this article lies in the characterisation of the nature of the cooperation between Ivory Coast and the IMF and the shift in approach to the practice of public administration and public management in Ivory Coast for sustained economic growth.</p> 2022-04-30T11:29:08+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/329 Interpretation of Events as a Legal Fact 2022-05-01T03:55:53+00:00 Bakhramjon Topildiev ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">In this article, the author discusses legal events and their content in civil law, which are one of the types of classification of legal facts according to the will of the parties, and their content in civil law. According to the author, events are always characterized by the fact that they occur against a person’s will and are a legal fact only when they have a legal consequence, and in this regard, a particular event can be assessed as a legal fact.</p> 2022-04-30T11:50:21+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/330 Justification by Faith Paul: A Biblical Theological Approach 2022-05-01T03:55:52+00:00 Iswahyudi Iswahyudi bkputrawan@gmail.com Bobby Kurnia Putrawan bkputrawan@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The message of salvation brought by the apostle Paul to the Romans has overcome all differences (Rom. 1:14-15), so that salvation can be obtained by all through the gospel (Rom. 1:16-17). The gospel contains God's saving act through the work of the Son of God who died, was crucified, buried, and rose again. For everyone who believes or believes in Jesus Christ the Son of God, it will obtain salvation through God's act of justification. This study aims to determine the meaning of justification by faith according to Paul. In this study, the author uses qualitative methods to obtain valid thoughts in order to build a theory related to the theme or research subject, while the approach used is biblical theology. The result of this research is that absolute justification can only be obtained based on faith in Jesus Christ. The death of Jesus Christ is a manifestation of God's high (infinite) love for sinners.</p> 2022-04-30T11:54:44+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/236 A Comprehensive Study of Huna Invasion in India during the Reign of Skandagupta 2022-05-01T03:55:51+00:00 Sakir Hossain Laskar sakirhossainlaskar@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The Gupta age was considered the golden age of ancient Indian history. However, during the reign of Emperor Skandagupta the stability of the Empire was threatened by the invasion of a Central Asian tribe, The Huna. Emperor Skandagupta was at that time dealing with the rebellion of Pushyamitra’s. and The Huna after ravaging Persia thought that time was ripe to invest in India. Even though the imperial fabric of the Gupta’s was in a decaying stage, nevertheless Skandagupta defeated the Hunas. The conquest of the Hunas is mentioned particularly on the Bhitari pillar inscription, and the conquest of the Mlechcchas is mentioned in more general terms on the Junagadh rock inscription, albeit the Mlechcchas cannot be definitively identified as the Hunas. The Hunas were thoroughly defeated by Skandagupta, according to the inscription on the pillar. This article is aimed to highlight the nature and outcome of the conflict between Skandagupta and The Hunas.</p> 2022-04-30T12:05:59+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/293 Making Anthroponyms from Nouns by Conversion Method 2022-05-01T03:55:51+00:00 Shohjahon Dusmurodovich Karimov ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The article discusses the onomastic conversion (lexical-semantic method) - a nominal, i.e. functional transfer of words is a common phenomenon in the language, in which the transfer of a lexeme from one-word group to another word group, the transition of appellate lexicon to a noun without any constructive means. In language, the transition of words from one category to another is uninterrupted, because word groups themselves are not a phenomenon with a fixed boundary, as a result of the constant movement of language, words tend to move towards one lexical-grammatical category and perform their function. Language development occurs through events such as derivation, transformation, transposition, and conversion.</p> 2022-04-30T12:14:10+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/239 Representation and the Internal World: A Perspective from Evolutionary Mind 2022-05-01T03:55:50+00:00 Wei Zhang zhangweipsy@163.com <p style="text-align: justify;">From the perspective of phenomenology and phylogenetic evolution, this manuscript reports a critical study of the core position of representation in the mind. The development of mind can be divided into three stages: body, unconsciousness, and consciousness. In this complex evolutionary process, the organism gradually has a relatively independent internal world, and it can use representation to simulate the interaction between itself and the world. Accordingly, its ways to deal with the world’s “challenges” have become more flexible and diverse. In addition, the internal world can go beyond the simple “replication” and “simulation” to some extent, and construct people or things unlike the real world (even nonexistent people or things). On one hand, it provides soil for human creative activities; on the other hand, it provides a hotbed for human beings to get out of the real world and immerse themselves in various fantasies. Human beings live in the world under the “resulting force” of the internal loop and the external loop.</p> 2022-04-30T12:30:30+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/244 Spatial Sustainable Agriculture Analysis of Social Economy of Sustainable Agriculture in North Pringsewu Regency 2022-05-01T03:55:59+00:00 Dedy Miswar dedy.miswar@fkip.unila.ac.id Ardhi Rahman Alawi ardhi.rahman.alawi@fkip.unila.ac.id Irma Lusi Nugraheni irma.lusi.nugraheni@fkip.unila.ac.id Yarmaidi Yarmaidi yarmaidi@fkip.unila.ac.id Fauziah Aryati fauziah.aryati@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The purpose of this study was to find out social economic characteristic of sustainable agriculture farmer at north Pringsewu Regency. The research uses descriptive method. Population of research was 360 farmers and the sample of the research 36 farmer. The collection of data in this research use observation, documentation, and interview.The analysis of the data used frequency tables as the basis for the interpretation and description of the data research report. The results showed of the research characteristic socio economic farmer at north Pringsewu Regency showed. (1) 63,88% farmer have low education level. (2) 63,88% farmer have income below average.(.3) 66,66% farmer have more than 3 children.(4) 63,88% farmer have a currently lan area.(5) 63,88% farmer already already have your own house and (6).63,88% farmer have a production age.</p> 2022-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/312 On the Issues of Teaching Customs Terminology and the Formation of Professional and Speech Competence of Graduates of the Customs Institute 2022-05-01T03:55:50+00:00 Nilufar Yaxiyaevna Akhmedova ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The article is devoted to discussion interactive forms and methods of training as an effective means of forming the professional and speech competence of future specialists in the field of customs. The importance of terminological training in professional activity and communication, the need to master terminological competence as the most important indicator of professionalism and a factor in improving the quality of professional communication are substantiated. The signs of the customs term that distinguish it from commonly used words are revealed meaningfully. Attention is focused on the methodological work on the assimilation of customs terms.</p> 2022-04-30T12:56:51+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/245 Environmental Regime and Conventional Security Issues in the US Politics 2022-05-01T03:55:59+00:00 Faheem Ahmed faheemahmed.ir@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Historically, environmentalism has not served the US long-term objectives and goals to advance its influence and hegemony in the world. From the Post-cold war period onwards, US politics took war interventions as a top security issue and denied the non-traditional threats such as climate change to be a part of its national security agenda. On the other hand, many countries have included the threat of climate change in their national security domain. Meanwhile, in the US, climate action has never been a central part of its national security and foreign policy objective. The first section of this paper aims to critically evaluate the US domestic policies and foreign policy from the Nixon administration to Trump’s administration. It shows that the US has a promising start in addressing nontraditional threats but soon became a laggard in the subsequent years. Secondly, this paper tries to answer a very pertinent question that why does the US remain a laggard to consider environmentalism to be part of its national security agenda?</p> 2022-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/305 Perspectives on Contributing Factors to Rape in the Selected Areas of Mankweng, South Africa 2022-05-01T03:55:49+00:00 Sekwaila Naum Mamabolo sekwailanaum7@gmail.com Khomotjo Lekgau khomotjo.lekgau@ul.ac.za Witness Maluleke witness.maluleke@ul.ac.za <p style="text-align: justify;">Rape has always been a thorny issue in out postmodern society and South Africa has been confirmed to be the rape capital of the world. Our current society has overlooked, normalised, and made rape invisible due to our societal norms relating gender and culture connotations. The objective of the study was to explore the perceptions of community members on contributing factors to rape in the selected areas of Mankweng. This qualitative study employed the ‘Qualitative’ [Q]-methodology research design, supported by the exploratory research design for the explorations of community members’ perceptions on contributing factors to rape in selected areas of Mankweng. About Thirty (30) participants were purposively selected to form part of the Focus Group Discussions (FGDs). The findings of this study showcased that the contributory factors to rape incidences in the Mankweng policing areas can be categorised under these Three (03) themes: 1) Structural, 2) Socio-cultural, and; 3) Economic factors. These factors increase chances of women being raped. Therefore, primary preventative interventions should be more focused on re-building women’s status in societies and implementing programmes to educate them about rape and the National government and Non-Governmental Programmes (NPOs) should aim at promoting both social and economic empowerment of young women, focusing on financing their intended projects to encourage their independency and avoid over reliance to man. The monthly programmes and awareness campaigns should be hosted to educate community members about the contributory factors to rape and related consequences thereof, as well as effective preventative measures.</p> 2022-04-30T13:12:51+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/307 Metaforalization of Lexemas Specifically in the Doston "Rustamkhon" 2022-05-02T14:04:56+00:00 Guljahon Jumanazarova ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com Khanifa Hamdamova ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The article explores the methodological possibilities of lexemes in the text of the epic "Rustamkhan". The general similarities in the text of qualitative linguistic metaphors, as well as the epic skill and individuality of the bakhshi in this regard, are analyzed in the linguistic means that determine their specific style.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2022-04-30T13:17:18+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/247 Dance and Identity Construction in Political Rhythms in Prefecture of Edirne, Turkey 2022-05-01T03:55:48+00:00 Eleni Filippidou filipele@phed.uoa.gr <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of this research is to study the process of constructing the national identity of two communities of European Turkey, or otherwise Turkish Thrace, Edirne and Calikoy. In particular this paper attempts to investigate how the residents of the two communities under study, during the communication with the political power negotiate their national identity, through the dancing wedding ritual of "Kina gecesi". Data was gathered through the ethnographic method as this is applied in the study of dance, while the interpretation of the data was based on the theoritical visual on the socio-cybernetics, according to the identity control theory that Burke proposed. From the data analysis it was found that, both communities, interacting with the political ideology of each time, used the dancing ritual of "Kina gecesi" as an indicator of their ethnic and consequently national identity, wich moves between Kemalism and Political Islam.&nbsp; "Kina gecesi" dancing ritual continue until today to be an indicator of national identity in Turkey and to strengthen the unity of the Turkish territory by presenting in places peculiarities of its performane depending&nbsp; on the time (Kemalism, Political Islam) and the place (urban/non urban).</p> 2022-04-30T13:22:45+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/310 The Work of Law Enforcement Agencies on the Roofs of Information Technology Activities, Such as the Sector of Reform and Improvement of Results 2022-05-01T03:55:48+00:00 Sanjar Sobirovich Sharipov ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The article sequence article outlines the reforms carried out to introduce modern information and communication technologies and systems into the activities of the internal affairs bodies to ensure public order, in particular, the results of the legislation adopted in this area and the results achieved through their implementation into practice, as well as creation of an electronic criminogenic map of the administrative territory and, on its basis, the need to create a special software system that allows for automatic distribution of forces and means, operational management, early prediction of incidents and crimes, as well as electronic methodological guidance on the algorithm of actions of employees sent to the scene is substantiated.</p> 2022-04-30T13:30:07+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/248 Gurdwara Shiri Guru Singh Sabha: An Ancient Historical and Religious Cultural Heritage of Hazara 2022-05-01T03:55:58+00:00 Sadaf Butt sadafbutt999@gmail.com Muhammad Rizwan Faheemahmed.ir@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Gurdwara Shiri Guru Singh Sabha is the finest historical and religio-cultural legacy of Sikhs in Hazara Division. Due to the absence of Sikh population, it is not functional for religious activities and remained closed till 1976. Later the building became part of various departments and was eventually converted into a library in 2000 but its old look and architecture have been taken care of. This magnificent three story Gurdwara still amazes the visitors with its architectural beauty. This masterpiece of Sikh architecture still exists with its historical, religious and cultural values. The current study is an attempt to elaborate all those historical aspects associated with Gurdwara which are still hidden from the limelight. The study also seeks to highlight the religious significance of the Gurdwara for the Sikh community of Pakistan and abroad. The research has mainly been conducted through primary and secondary sources including historical evidences, interviews, journals and books etc with an aim to highlight the scope of religious tourism in the Hazara Region. The decision of the ETBP to resume Sikh rituals and worship here is really a matter of happiness for the Sikh community. This decision will further promote peace in the times to come. Gurdwara is a testament to the fact that the religious places of minorities in Pakistan are not only safe but as intact as possible.</p> 2022-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/308 Developing the Professional Activity of Primary Education Teachers 2022-05-01T03:55:47+00:00 Nargiza Bozorboevna Nuralieva ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">This article outlines ways for an elementary school teacher to motivate each child from kindergarten through play, identifying their interests, character, and creative abilities, and taking an individual approach. The article shows the ways of deepening the theoretical and practical aspects of science, modern and information and communication technologies in the development of the professional activity of primary school teachers. The professional activity of the pedagogue The professional activity of the teacher is aimed at the formation of the human personality. The article shows how young people who are preparing for the professional career of educators know such features.</p> 2022-04-30T17:46:39+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/311 Specific Features of the Study of Pilgrimages of Fergana Region 2022-05-01T03:55:57+00:00 Oktamjon Ergashevich Abdullaev ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">This article is based on the “History of Bukhara” written by Abu Ja’far Narshahi, who lived and worked in the 10th century, “Ahsan at-taqasim fi ma’rifat al aqalim” by Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Abubakr al-Maqdisi and other scholars. The history of the origin of shrines in the Fergana Valley, interesting information about the shrines, as well as written sources on the XVIII and early XX centuries in the works of local and Russian researchers are described in detail.</p> 2022-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/309 The Importance of Detail in Translation of Short Stories 2022-05-01T03:55:47+00:00 Nargiza Turgunpulatovna Dosbaeva ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The article analyzes the features of the popular genre of American literature - short stories. The importance of the detail is considered - the main factor that should be taken into account when translating. Theoretical ideas are supported by the analysis of examples taken from the originals and translated works. The results obtained can serve as a reliable basis for the application of effective methods in translation practice.</p> 2022-04-30T18:01:31+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/313 Theological and Ethical Reflections on Surrogacy from an African Perspective 2022-05-01T03:55:46+00:00 Isaac Boaheng revisaacboaheng@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The desire to procreate is common among couples. However, for some reasons, some couples are unable to have their own children through the traditional natural means of conception and delivery. Some of these couple give up and remain childless; others adopt children and raise them as their own and yet, some others continue to explore modern Assisted Reproductive Techniques to have “children of their own.” Surrogacy is one of such means. Though a highly patronized reproductive technique, the ethical, socio-cultural or theological/religious implications of surrogacy have been hotly debated among (Christian and non-Christian) ethicists and theologians. In Africa, where assisted reproductive technology is relatively new, the scholarly debate surrounding surrogacy is also relatively new. This literature research contributes to the ongoing debate by offering a theological and ethical reflection on surrogacy from an African Christian perspective. This paper found all surrogacy practices as immorally wrong except those that use the gametes of spouses and do not involve the deliberate killing of foetus in the procreation process.</p> 2022-04-30T18:13:35+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/314 Legal Position Open and Closed Traditional Court Decisions Relating to Indigenous Land Disputes in Malamoi Sorong Region in Positive Law (Case Study Between the Clan Malibela Klawalu Against the Clan Malibela Klaifi) 2022-05-01T03:55:45+00:00 Areos Brenord Borolla tomy@untag-sby.ac.id <p style="text-align: justify;">The type of research used in this research is normative legal research. Whereas in civil justice system, there are norms and principles that provide space for practice of customary justice which has a combination of characteristics as informal justice, communal justice, alternative dispute resolution, and simplified court regardless of inconsistency and inconsistency of laws and regulations regarding the existence customary justice system in Indonesian judicial system that applies positively. The influence of the position of customary courts in the civil justice system is especially apparent in the functional relationship between customary court decisions and the settlement of civil cases in court.&nbsp; Therefore, to accommodate the existence of customary court decisions, in practice judges will optimize the mechanisms regulated in the civil justice system such as through mediation in court.</p> 2022-04-30T18:19:24+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/325 Structure of Diplomatic Terms of Uzbek Language 2022-05-01T03:55:57+00:00 Sanjar Djambulovich Mavlyanov ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The article analyzes the structure of diplomatic terms in the Uzbek language. The article highlights the topics of classification of diplomatic terms depending on their structure, and also describes the features of the semantics of some terms. The materials of this article can be used by linguists, people involved in the field of diplomacy and researchers.</p> 2022-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/326 About "Rustamkhan" Series 2022-05-01T03:55:45+00:00 Jabbor Eshonkulov ismatullayeva.nargiza@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The Rustamkhan series plays an important role in Uzbek epic poetry. This series includes such epics as "Rustamkhan", "Murodkhan", "Oftob pari". To date, two epics of the series - "Rusmtkhon" and "Muradkhan" have arrived. There is one version of the epic "Murodkhan", many variants of the epic "Rustamkhan". This article examines the peculiarities of the series "Rustamkhan", its role in the art of epic poetry. Different variants of the epic "Rustamkhan", their manuscript versions, the differences between the variants were analyzed, issues related to the emergence, development and survival of epic traditions, changes in the publication of folk epics were discussed.</p> 2022-04-30T18:45:18+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/251 A Simple and Magical Equation of Happiness 2022-05-01T03:55:44+00:00 Mohammed Bouasabah mohammed.bouasabah@uit.ac.ma <p style="text-align: justify;">Several literary and scientific works have been done to give a meaning to happiness. Through this work, we will try to give a mathematical approach of happiness using a simple equation. we will elaborate a very simple mathematical model which gives to every person who seeks happiness the recipe and the method to follow. The variables of this equation are sets composed of elements that differ from one individual to another, in other words we will consider each set as a portfolio whose constituents are the elements that make the individual happy. Thanks to our equation, we could know the content of each portfolio to have a maximum of happiness.</p> 2022-04-30T18:50:32+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/270 Covid-19: Knowledge Development, Exchange, and Emerging Technologies 2022-05-01T03:55:44+00:00 Siddhartha Paul Tiwari sidpaultiwari@gmail.com <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">It has been estimated that digital adoption coming out of emerging technologies has taken an enormous leap in the past year at the level of organizations, industries, and society as a whole. In just a few years, the COVID-19 crisis has created significant changes in the way society has developed knowledge, exchanged knowledge, and adopted emerging technologiesIn just a few years, the COVID-19 crisis has created significant changes in the way society has developed knowledge, exchanged knowledge, and adopted emerging technologies. Increasingly important in the current social landscape will be the development and exchange of knowledge as emerging technologies continue to transform the post Covid-19 converging landscape. A post-covid context remains vastly unexplored in terms of knowledge development and exchange despite the popularity of Covid-19 and emerging technologies. It is the purpose of this research to provide insight into knowledge development, exchange, and emerging technologies in a global context. The conclusions presented in this paper were developed by conducting a thorough in-depth interview with 124 professionals from 12 different organizations that are involved in knowledge development, knowledge exchange, and emerging technologies with a view to&nbsp; the conclusions presented in this paper.</span></p> 2022-04-30T18:59:12+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/315 Exploring the Decline of Agricultural Science Teachers in South African schools: A Case Study 2022-05-01T03:55:43+00:00 Msawenkosi Sandile Mbokazi mbokazim@unizulu.ac.za Lazarus Donald Mokula Lebeloane mbokazim@unizulu.ac.za <p style="text-align: justify;">The Department of Basic Education in South Africa is experiencing a shortage of Agricultural Science teachers since their numbers are drastically decreasing. Several schools are failing to recruit appropriately qualified Agricultural Science teachers. This decline seems to be worsening annually. It is not peculiar to the Kwa-Zulu Natal Department of Education Kwa-Zulu Natal province only but seems to be a national phenomenon. This study aims to identify and analyse the causes of the decline of Agricultural Science teachers in the Provincial Department of Education. A qualitative method of research was employed. Data was collected by interviewing respondents on either cell phones or telephones. The findings revealed severe shortages of Agricultural Science teachers in Kwa-Zulu Natal schools. However, it is not peculiar to the Kwa-Zulu Natal Department of Education only, but it seems a national phenomenon. The study recommended, among other things, a clear line of the communication channel between the national Department of Basic Education, Kwa-Zulu Natal Department of Education and the Department of Higher Education and Training to facilitate at local, provincial and national levels, a comprehensive recruitment and training plan for the Department of Basic Education. The study also recommended the introduction of a Bachelor of Education degree with a specialisation in Agricultural Science in some universities, especially in rural areas.</p> 2022-04-30T19:03:53+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/237 Refugee Movements from Turkey to the European Union after 2015 – the Assessment of Impact 2022-05-01T03:55:43+00:00 Aitolgon Boronbaeva aitolgon.boronbaeva@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Suddenly in 2015, huge number of people started to arrive in European Union applying for asylum from Middle East countries such as Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq as well as Turkey. Turkey has become the main gateway for the people, who seek to reach European countries, originating migration crisis in the region. Indeed, the EU has been one of the main attractive destination in search of international protection, freedom, democracy and peace for them. They have forced to flee their home countries due to war, armed conflicts, political persecution and human rights violations. This dramatic level of refugee movements has brought about great challenges for European Union and its member states, which the EU had to give adequate response. Previous relevant policies hadn’t been established to manage with rapid change and wasn’t adequate in order to deal with such as great influx of refugees. While, EU started to cope with newcomers, by establishing or improving asylum policies and legal frameworks, the unprecedented level of refugee movements has brought comprehensive impact on particularly in three areas such as political, social and economic on EU since 2015. The main objective of this paper is to assess the impact of refugee movements to the EU as a whole since 2015 until the present time from three different areas such as political, economic and social, by using qualitative single case study analysis.</p> 2022-04-30T20:56:58+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/335 The Turnover Intention Influenced by Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment 2022-05-01T03:55:56+00:00 Faridah Faridah riyantoefendi61@gmail.com Gustini Gustini riyantoefendi61@gmail.com Salehan Salehan riyantoefendi61@gmail.com Riyanto Efendi riyantoefendi61@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Turnover intention is a tendency of a person or employee to quit his job voluntarily, turnover intention is influenced by various factors such as organizational commitment and job satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to determine turnover intention which is influenced by organizational commitment and job satisfaction. The research methodology used is causal associative with a quantitative approach. Respondents in this study amounted to 98 employees. The data analysis method in this study uses multiple regression. The results of the study are as follows: 1). Job satisfaction has a positive and significant influence on turnover intention, 2). Organizational commitment has a positive and significant influence on turnover intention, 3). Job satisfaction and organizational commitment, together affect turnover intention by 0.5% and 99.5% influenced by variables outside the study.</p> 2022-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/361 Categorization of Foreign Language Teaching Approaches and Methods 2022-05-25T04:04:43+00:00 Jamila Sh. Djumabaeva s.science@internet.ru Marhabo M. Avazmatova s.science@internet.ru <p style="text-align: justify;">This paper provides a comprehensible review of the nine foreign language teaching approaches and methods: Grammar Translation, Direct, Silent way, Suggestopedia, Total Physical Response, Audiolingual methods, and Oral-Situational, Communicative language teaching, and Natural approaches. The study identifies specific characteristics of those nine approaches and methods thoroughly. The objective of the present study is to propose the categorization of FLT approaches and methods into six groups based on their distinctive features. Performing well in recognizing FLT approaches and methods and their peculiarities leads foreign language teachers to the capability of the teaching methodology.</p> 2022-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijssrr.com/journal/article/view/303 Examining the Long Road to Protection of Women from Sexual Violence in the Bill on the Elimination of Sexual Violence 2022-05-25T04:04:42+00:00 Moch Chotib mochchotiib@yahoo.com Martha Eri Safira marthasafira82@gmail.com Lailatul Maulida lylamultazam@gmail.com Maftukhin Maftukhin maftuh_in17@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Komnas Perempuan data on the number of sexual violence against women reported and handled during 2017 amounted to 335,062 cases involving women and girls. Meanwhile, in 2019 there were 431,471 cases. During the Covid-19 pandemic, which is 2021, there will also be an increase in cases of violence against women. This prompted the Indonesian government to issue regulations related to the protection of women and children. Some of the existing regulations are Law No. 23 of 2002 jo. Law Number 35 of 2014 concerning Child Protection, and Law 23 of 2004 concerning the Elimination of Domestic Violence. However, there is no specific regulation regarding sexual violence against women and children. In 2015 Indonesia received a recommendation from the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) to enact legislation to eliminate gender-based violence. One of the gender-based violence is sexual violence. To carry out this obligation, the Draft Bill on the Elimination of Sexual Violence (abbreviated as RUU PKS) was drawn up since 2016, but has not yet been ratified. This study aims to analyze the factors behind the PKS Bill until now it has not been ratified and to analyze the harmonization in the articles in the PKS Bill, so that later it can become a recommendation for the government to be included in the priority National Legislation Program. This research methodology is qualitative in nature, namely with a normative and doctrinal approach, where the emphasis is on the substance of the PKS Bill which is studied from its harmonization, with inductive analysis, so that meaning is essential.</p> 2022-05-24T17:51:51+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##