Critique of Orientalists' Views on the Literary Miracle of the Qur'an

  • Ali Qazanfari Assistant Professor, University of Quranic Sciences and Teachings, Tehran, Iran
  • Ameneh Omidi Ph.D. Student in Quran and Hadith Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
  • Soleyman Heydarbeygi Master Student of Quranic Sciences, Faculty of Quranic Sciences and Technologies, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Quran, Orientalists, Literary Miracle, Opponents


From the very beginning of its revelation, the Qur'an has always been considered by Muslims and non-Muslims due to its important place in Islam. For this reason, from the beginning of the descent until today, it has always been the subject of discussion among scientists and researchers around the world                                Orientalists, who have always considered the Qur'an as a book born of the thoughts of the Prophet (PBUH), have criticized the Qur'an by expressing the flaws and inadequacies that they see in the Qur'an. Most of the Orientalists' material on the miracle of the Qur'an is related to the literary miracle, which has raised doubts about the eloquence and rhetoric of the Qur'an, as well as the contradictions in the Qur'anic expressions. One of these problems is the discussion of the literary miracle of the Qur'an. Orientalists by expressing such things as dry and unpolished prose; Repetition of stories and phrases; The confusion and lack of thematic connection between the verses of these cases has been considered as a reason for the lack of literary miracle of the Qur'an. In this article, with a descriptive-analytical method, while responding to the criticisms and problems of Orientalists, it has been proved for various reasons that it is one of the most important miraculous aspects of the Qur'an from a literary point of view. And all the issues raised by Orientalists are due to the lack of accurate translation and unfamiliarity with the culture of the Qur'an, as well as the lack of attention to the specific system of verses and verses of the Qur'an.


Holy Quran (translated by Fooladvand)
Ali Hamzeh Lavian, Mohammad Hadi Mofteh, "Critique of the Theory of Adapting the Qur'an from the Literature of the Time by Analyzing the Perspective of Yousef Darreh Haddad" "Literary-Quranic Research" Quarterly, Year 3, Issue 4, Winter 2015.
Al-Mutairi, Abd al-Muhsin ibn Zabn, "Claims of the Ta'een in the Qur'an in the Fourth Century for the Hijri and His Son", Bita.
Bani Amer, Mohammad Amin Hassan Mohammad, "Orientalists and the Holy Quran", unpublished.
Darreh Haddad, Yusuf, The Order of the Qur'an and the Book, Al-Bolsiya School Publications, Lebanon, 1993.
Durant, William James, "History of Civilization", translated by Aboutaleb Saremi and others, Tehran, Scientific and Cultural Publishing Company, 8th edition: 2002.
EP Petroshovsky, "Islam in Iran", translated by Karim Keshavarz, Tehran: Payam Publications, 1350.
Even Philip, History of the Arabs, Library, 1958
Farahidi, Khalil bin Ahmad; Kitab al-Aynah, Qom, Hijrah, 1410 AH, second edition.
Ibn Manzur, Muhammad ibn Makramah; Language of the Arab, Beirut, Dar Sader, 1414 AH, third edition.
Izutsu, Toshi Hiku "God and Man in the Quran", translated by Ahmad Aram, Tehran: Islamic Culture Publishing Office, Third Edition, 1994.
John Dion Port, "Excuse of guilt for the presence of Muhammad (s) and the Qur'an", translated by Seyyed Gholamreza Saeedi, Qom: Islamic Propagation Office, 2012.
Karl Brockelman, "History of Arabic Literature", Arabic translation: Dr. Abdul Hakim Al-Najjar, Cairo: Dar al-Ma'aref in Egypt, Second Edition, 1919.
Kint Greek, "How I Knew the Qur'an", translated by Zabihollah Mansouri, Tehran: Iranian Bookstore, 1990.
Maaref, Mohammad Hadi, "Al-Tamhid Fi Uloom Al-Quran", Qom, Tahmid Cultural Institute, first edition: 2007.
Riahi Zamin, Zahra, "Quran and Orientalists", Bayanat Quarterly, Summer 2004, No. 42,
S. Gon Carlton, "Al-Qafla", translation: Borj Dejati, quoted by: Ali Al-Ishaq Khoeini, Islam from the perspective of world scientists, Qom: Islamic Propaganda Office, first edition, 1991.
Salem, Haj Sassi, "Critique of Orientalism", Libya, Dar al-Madar al-Islami, Bita.
Siouti, Jalaluddin, "Al-Atqan Fi Uloom Al-Quran", Qom, Dhu al-Qirbi, second edition: 1429 AH.
Tarihi, Fakhreddin, "Bahrain Complex", Tehran, مرت Mortazavi Bookstore, third edition: 1996.
Zamani, Mohammad Hossein, "Orientalism and Islamic Studies of the West", Qom, Bustan Ketab Institute, first edition: 2006.
Zamani, Mohammad Hussein, "Orientalists and the Qur'an", Qom, Book Garden Institute, first edition: 2006.
How to Cite
Qazanfari, A., Omidi, A., & Heydarbeygi, S. (2021). Critique of Orientalists’ Views on the Literary Miracle of the Qur’an. International Journal of Social Science Research and Review, 4(1), 16-24.