The Emergence and Evolution of Palestinian Nationalism

  • Anis Salem Zaki Centre for Policy Research and International Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Keywords: Religious, Nationalism, Palestinian Nationalism


The study analyses \on the questions of the interrelation between religion and nationality relate to the interpretations of justice vis-a-vis the Palestinian predicament. The paper studies the 'visions of peace' and the 'visions of citizenship' articulated by groups as diverse as Peace for Human Rights. By drawing on recent scholarship which attempted to link 'peace' and 'justice' in a meaningful way, this work devises a set of dynamic criteria with which to evaluate each peace platform and its respective interpretation of justice. Challenging the modernist-secularist inclination to interpret 'nationalism' as a 'religion surrogate' or a structural analogue of religion, the underpinning theoretical point is that religion and nationalism are intricately related and thus cannot be viewed as dichotomous or antithetical. Hence, religious sources, vocabularies, institutions and leadership may function centrally in devising interpretations of culturally embedded secularity in zones of ethnonational contestations -a process which is referred to in this dissertation as the hermeneutics of citizenship. As a conclusion, a separate Palestinian nationalism took place chiefly to cater to the Zionism issue.


As'ad, G. (2001). The Palestinian-Arab Minority in Israel. New York: State University of New York Press.

Baumgarten, B. (2005). The Three Faces/Phases of Palestinian Nationalism, 1948-2005. Journal of Palestine Studies, 34: 25-48.

Benedict, A. (1991). Imagined Communities. New York: Verso.

Donna E. (1997). Refugees into Citizens: Palestinians and the End of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. New York: Council on Foreign Relations. Ernest, G. (1983). Nations and Nationalism. London: Cornell University Press.

Gelvin, J. L. (2009). Arab Nationalism: Has a New Framework Emerged? International Journal of Middle East Studies, 41(01): 10.

Harkabi, Y. (1990). Arab Attitudes to Israel. New York: Hart Publishing Company. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Kaldor, M., Macginty, R., & Wallenstein, P. (2007). End of Award Report for: The Political Economy of the Israeli-Palestinian and Indo-Pak Peace Processes, 13–25.

Khalidi, R. (2010). Palestinian identity: the construction of modern national consciousness. New York: Columbia University Press.

Khalidi, W. (2006). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Institute for Palestine Studies. November: Institute for Palestine Studies.

Kimmerling, B. (1999). Religion, Nationalism, and Democracy in Israel. Constellations, 6 (3): 339–363. Leighton, M. (2008). Middleman in the Middle East: America’s Flawed Approach to the Peace Process. Orbis, 52 (3): 391–402.

Mishal, A., Shaul, S. (2000). The Palestinian Hamas: Vision, Violence, and Coexitence. New York: Columbia University Press.

Morris, B. (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited (p. 219). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Murakami, M. (1994). Water for peace master plan of the Jordan river system. Desalination, 98 (1-3): 459–469.

Muslih, M. (1990). Towards Coexistence: An Analysis of the Resolutions of the Palestine National Council. Journal of Palestine Studies, 19 (4): 7–23.

Onuf, H. (2005). The Three Faces/Phases of Palestinian Nationalism. 1948–2005, XXXIV (4): 25–48.

Reuveny, R. (2003). Fundamentalist colonialism: the geopolitics of Israeli– Palestinian conflict. Political Geography, 22 (4): 347–380.

Schulz, H. S. (1999). The Reconstruction of Palestinian Nationalism. New York: Manchester University Press.

Xypolia, I. (2011). Cypriot Muslims among Ottomans, Turks and British. Bogazici Journal, 25(2): 109–120.

How to Cite
Zaki, A. (2020). The Emergence and Evolution of Palestinian Nationalism. International Journal of Social Science Research and Review, 3(2), 22-29.