Moderation Analysis: Gender on the Relationship Between Self-Efficacy and Personality Traits as a Predictor of Personal Identity

  • Hena Fatma Ph.D. Assistant professor, Department of psychology, Ala-Too International University-Kyrgyz Republic, Kyrgyzstan
Keywords: Moderation Analysis; Personal Identity; Personality Traits; Self-Efficacy; Adolescents


It has been examined throughout the present research that there is a significant moderation relationship between self-efficacy and the role of dimensions of personality traits as a predictor of personal identity in the presence of the variable gender difference. This was taken as a moderator variable. Moderation analysis techniques were used to determine the referent impact of gender difference on the relationship between self-efficacy and dimensions of personality traits. Participants were four hundred adolescents were taken to complete the study. The findings can be inferred that gender was significantly moderates the relationship between self-efficacy and dimensions of personality traits as a predictor of personal identity.


Adams, G. R., Ryan, J. H., Hoffman, J. J., Dobson, W. R., & Nielsen, E. C. (1984). Ego identity status, conformity behavior and personality in late adolescence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47(5), 1091-1104.
Ambiel, R. A. M., & Noronha, A. P. P. (2016). Professional choice self-efficacy: predicting traits and personality profiles in high school students. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 29(1), 30.
Arnett, J. J. (2014). Adolescence and emerging adulthood (pp. 102-111). Boston, MA: Pearson.
Ashmore, R. D., Deaux, K., & McLaughlin-Volpe, T. (2004). An organizing framework for collective identity: articulation and significance of multidimensionality. Psychological Bulletin, 130(1), 80.
Ashton, M. C., & Lee, K. (2007). Empirical, theoretical, and practical advantages of the HEXACO model of personality structure. Personality and social psychology review, 11(2), 150-166.
Ashton, M. C., & Lee, K. (2009). The HEXACO–60: A short measure of the major dimensions of personality. Journal of personality assessment, 91(4), 340-345.
Astin, A.W. (1997). A factor study of the MMPI. Psychopathic Deviate Scales.
Atkinson, J. W., & Litwin, G.H. (1960). The achievement motive, goal setting and probability preferences. Journal of Abnormal Social Psychology, 60, 27-36.
Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundations of Thought and Action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control (pp. 3-604). New York: WH Freeman.
Bouffard-Bouchard, T., Parent, S., & Larivee, S. (1991). Influence of self-efficacy on self-regulation and performance among junior and senior high-school-age students. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 14(2), 153-164.
Caspi, A., Roberts, B. W., & Shiner, R. L. (2005). Personality development: Stability and change. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 453-484.
Eccles, J. (2009). Who am I and what am I going to do with my life? Personal and collective identities as motivators of action. Educational Psychologist, 44(2), 78-89.
Erickson, E.H. (1950). Childhood and Society. New York: Longmans Green.
Erikson, E. H. (1980). Identity and the life cycle: A reissue.
Harter, S. (1998). The development of Self-representations. In W. Damon, R. M. Lerner (Eds.), & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of Child Psychology: Social, emotional and personality development (pp. 553-617). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
James, W. (1892). Psychology, New York, Fawcett. Original work published.
Kroger, J. (2004). Identity in adolescence. Routledge.
Mainquist, S., & Eichorn, D. (1989). Competence in work settings. Adolescence and work: Influences of social structure, labor markets, and culture, 327-369.
Marcia, J. E. (2002). Identity and psychosocial development in adulthood. Identity: An international journal of theory and research, 2(1), 7-28.
Markus, H., & Nurius, P. (1986). Possible selves. American psychologist, 41(9), 954.
McClelland, D. (1955). Personality. New York Holt: Rinehart and Winston.
Mendenhall, W., & Ramey, I. M. (1973). Statistics for Psychology.
Multon, K. D., Brown, S. D., & Lent, R. W. (1991). Relation of self-efficacy beliefs to academic outcomes: A meta-analytic investigation. Journal of counseling psychology, 38(1), 30.
Muris, P. (2002). Relationships between self-efficacy and symptoms of anxiety disorders and depression in a normal adolescent sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 32(2), 337-348.
Pajares, F. (1997). Current directions in self-efficacy research. Advances in motivation and achievement, 10(149), 1-49.
Pal, S. K. (1968). Personality needs of engineering, law, medical and teacher training students in an Indian situation. Journal Social Psychology, 74, 135.
Phinney, J. S. (1990). Ethnic identity in adolescents and adults: a review of research. Psychological Bulletin, 108(3), 499.
Rim, Y. (1971). Values and Personality. Schweizerische Zeitschrift fier Psychologic und ihre Anwendungen, 30, 93-99.
Schunk, D. H. (1985). Self‐efficacy and classroom learning. Psychology in the Schools, 22(2), 208-223.
Schwartz, S. J., Beyers, W., Luyckx, K., Soenens, B., Zamboanga, B. L., Forthun, L. F., . . . Schwartz, S. J., Zamboanga, B. L., Meca, A., & Ritchie, R. A. (2012). Identity around the world: An overview. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2012(138), 1-18.
Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1995). Generalized self-efficacy scale. Measures in health psychology: A user’s portfolio. Causal and Control Beliefs, 1(1), 35-37.
Sellers, R. M., Smith, M. A., Shelton, J. N., Rowley, S. A., & Chavous, T. M. (1998). A multidimensional model of racial identity: A reconceptualization of African American racial identity. Personality and social psychology review, 2(1), 18-39.
Skinner, E. A., Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J., Connell, J. P., Eccles, J. S., & Wellborn, J. G. (1998). Individual differences and the development of perceived control. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, i-231.
Southern, M.L., Walter, T. (1968). Personality characteristics of very bright adults. Journal of Social Psychology, 75, 119-126.
How to Cite
Fatma, H. (2024). Moderation Analysis: Gender on the Relationship Between Self-Efficacy and Personality Traits as a Predictor of Personal Identity. International Journal of Social Science Research and Review, 7(3), 28-38.