Adenan Kapau Gani: A Doctor in the Struggle of Indonesia’s Diplomacy (1945-1949)
Adenan Kapau Gani is a doctor who has devoted almost his entire life to fighting for Indonesian independence. He is one of the nation's figures who has expertise in diplomacy, especially during the period of defending Indonesian independence. In this regard, this article intends to analyze: (1) the reasons behind dr. A. K. Gani's expertise in diplomacy; (2) the initial involvement of dr. A. K. Gani in the diplomatic struggle; (3) the contribution of dr. A. K. Gani in the diplomatic struggle during the period of defending Indonesian independence. The research method used in this case is historical, with stages which include heuristics, criticism, interpretation, and historiography. The results showed that Gani's proficiency in diplomacy was derived from his experience in the organization since he was a medical student. Gani's involvement in the diplomatic struggle began when he became the Resident of Palembang. He was involved in several negotiations with Japan and Sekutu to fight for people’s interests. Gani's role in the diplomatic struggle expanded when he became the Minister of Welfare for three cabinet terms. He was assigned as an Indonesian delegation representing the Indonesian Government in several conferences and negotiations to seek de facto and de jure recognition of Indonesian independence.
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