Policing Strategies in Preventing Gang Conflicts between Teenagers by the South Jakarta Metro Police
Youth gang conflicts have become a significant social problem in many countries, including Indonesia. In response, the South Jakarta Metro Police has been implementing various prevention strategies, including predictive policing. However, there is a need to evaluate the effectiveness of these strategies and identify any weaknesses and challenges that may hinder their success. This study aims to identify the factors that influence the prevention of gang conflicts between teenagers in the jurisdiction of the South Jakarta Metro Police, as well as police strategies in preventing gang conflicts between teenagers through the implementation of predictive policing. The research type used in this study is descriptive qualitative using a case study approach. The analysis results indicate that the prevention of youth gang conflicts in the jurisdiction of the South Jakarta Metro Police is less effective due to weaknesses and threats/challenges faced. Weaknesses include aspects such as the quantity of human resources, facilities, and working methods in Satbinmas and Satsamapta Polres Metro Jaksel, which conduct preemptive activities (door-to-door patrols and focus group discussions) and preventive activities (foot patrols, vehicle patrols, and monitoring via CCTV). Additionally, there is a shortage of budget in Satbinmas which carries out preemptive activities. The prevention of youth gang conflicts through the application of predictive policing in the jurisdiction of the Jaksel Metro Police is not optimal because it does not utilize data on the characteristics of adolescent perpetrators of youth gang conflicts, such as age and the frequency of offenses.
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