Legal Protection of Indonesian Traditional Foods from the Perspective of Geographical Indications
Culture in society produces creations that become the identity of each region in the country. However, with the development of the times and the ease of accessing information, one of them is traditional food, authentic food which continues to be preserved by indigenous peoples or indigenous cultures such as traditional food which is easily exploited not only by the indigenous people who preserve it but also other parties. This paper examines how traditional food can be recognized as an intellectual work and its legal protection so that its identity can be recognized. This research uses the type of normative juridical research. This normative legal research is based on primary and secondary legal materials, namely the research approach using a conceptual approach and statutory approach. The results of this study are that traditional food is said to be traditional knowledge having several elements 1. Traditional food recipes are obtained from generation to generation, 2. Traditional food has been consumed gradually by the community for a long time, 3. Traditional food was born and developed in certain areas and can be the identity of the area, 4. Process of food processing which still tends to use traditional methods, 5. Not infrequently traditional food has a meaning or meaning and becomes one and 6. It is unclear the ownership of food recipes, but the ownership is communal.
Andriantsiferana, R. (2003). Traditional Knowledge: What is it and How (if at All) is it to be Protected? Traditional Knowledge Protection in the African Region. Conference on Biodiversity, Biotechnology and the Protection of Traditional Knowledge, Saint Louis: USA, April 4th-6th.
Avilia, D., Goodwin, M. E. A., & Schellekens, M. I. M. H. M. (n.d.). Traditional Knowledge Database: A Defensive Measure Against Traditional Knowledge Cross Border Misappropriation. Master Thesis (Tilburg University, Netherland). Last accessed on June 10 th ….
Dewi, T. K. S. (2011). Kearifan Lokal Makanan Tradisional: Rekonstruksi Naskah Jawa dan Fungsinya dalam Masyarakat. Manuskripta, 1(1), 161–182.
DGIP. (2008). Kopi Arabika Kintamani Bali. Directorate General of Intellectual Property.
DGIP. (2017). Tenun Ikat Sikka. Directorate General of Intellectual Property.
Harwanto, E. R. (2022). Covers of Music and Songs Without No License Agreement of The Creator and Copyright Holder Carried Out by Corporate and Individual Black Youtubers on The Youtube Channel. Policy, Law, Notary And Regulatory IssuesW, NOTARY AND REGULATORY ISSUES (POLRI), 1(3), 81–98. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.55047/polri.v1i3.392.
Jaman, U. B., Putri, G. R., & Anzani, T. A. (2021). Urgensi Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Hak Cipta Karya Digital. Jurnal Rechten: Riset Hukum Dan Hak Asasi Manusia, 3(1), 9–17.
Jaszi, P. A. (2009). Traditional Culture: A Step Forward for Protection in Indonesia.
Koentjaraningrat. (1990). Pengantar Ilmu Antropologi. PT Rineka Cipta.
Marwanti. (2000). Pentaquins Makanan Indonesia. Adicita Karya Nusa.
Murray, C. (2022). John Locke’s theory of property, and the dispossession of indigenous peoples in the settler-colony. Am. Indian LJ, 10, 55.
Oseitutu, J. J. (2009). Traditional Knowledge: Is Perpetual Protection a Good Idea. Idea, 50, 697.
Pink, B. (2021). Sri Mulyani: Industri kuliner jadi penyumbang terbesar pertumbuhan ekonomi kreatif. Kontan.Co.Id.
Rohaini, R. (2015). Perlindungan Hukum terhadap Pengetahuan Tradisional melalui Pengembangan Sui Generis Law. Fiat Justisia: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 9(4).
Rondhi, M. (2007). Tumpeng: Sebuah Kajian dalam Perspektif Psikologi Antropologi. Dalam Jurnal Imajinasi, 3(1).
Rongiyati, S. (2016). Hak Kekayaan Intelektual Atas Pengetahuan Tradisional. Negara Hukum: Membangun Hukum Untuk Keadilan Dan Kesejahteraan, 2(2), 213–238.
Setiawan, R. (2016). Memaknai Kuliner Tradisional diNusantara: Sebuah Tinjauan Etis. Respons: Jurnal Etika Sosial, 21(01), 113–140.
Simmel, G. (1997). Simmel On Culture : Selected Writings Theory, Culture & Society. SAGE Publications Ltd.
Sumiyati, Y., Ramli, T. A., & Iskandar, R. K. (2008). Kajian Yuridis Sosiologis mengenai Indikasi Geografis sebagai Sumber Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD). MIMBAR: Jurnal Sosial Dan Pembangunan, 24(1), 79–88.
Wekundah, J. M. (2012). Why protect traditional knowledge? African Technology Policy Studies Network (ATPS).
WIPO. (2016). WIPO Background Brief No.9 : Documentation of Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions. WIPO Publication.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).